6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Environmental Policy and Impact Assessment Procedures in Liberia

Author Affiliations

  • 1 UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse Study, Tongji University, Siping Road 1239, Shanghai, 200092, P.R. CHINA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (8), Pages 77-86, August,22 (2015)

Abstract

This paper employed the use of survey questionnaires; review of relevant literature and content analysis of EIA documentations to assess the effectiveness of the environmental policy and impact assessment procedures of Liberia. The evaluation was carried out against a review package developed by Ahmad and Wood. A thorough analysis revealed that despite still being at its early stage; significant gaps exist between policy and implementation, as well as between impact assessment procedures and practice in Liberia. We summarized those shortcomings to include limited scope of the screening process, lack of independent EIA review body, inadequate stakeholder participation, inadequate public awareness, and the absence of effective monitoring programs to oversee the performance of EIA approved projects or activities in the Country. The authors conclude with some recommendations that, if used, could overcome these shortcomings and help to improve EIA practice in Liberia.

References

  1. Dutta A.B. and Sengupta I., Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Construction, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 3(1), 58-61 (2014)
  2. Abrar A., Habib M., Waheed S. and Roshan K., Health Impact Assessment for the Construction of Ring Rad Southern Loop in Lahore, Pakistan, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 3(7), 45-52 (2014)
  3. Momtaz S. and Kabir Z.S.M., Evaluating Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries, Elsevier, (2013)
  4. Pope J., Bond A., Morrison-Saunders A. and Retief F., Advancing the theory and practice of impact assessment: Setting the research agenda, Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., (41) 1-9 (2013)
  5. Morgan R.K., Environmental impact assessment: the state of the art, Impact Assess. and Proj. Appraisal, 30(1), 5-14 (2012)
  6. Christensen P., Danish experiences on EIA of livestock projectsEnviron. Impact Assess. Rev, 26(5), 468-480 (2006)
  7. Kruopien J., idonien S., Dvarionien J. and Mikalauskas A., Evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment Effectiveness in Lithuania, Environ. Res., Eng. and Manage., 44(2) (2008)
  8. Heinma K. and Põder T., Effectiveness of environmental impact assessment system in Estonia, Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., 30(4), 272-277 (2010)
  9. Pölönen I., Hokkanen P. and Jalava K., The effectiveness of the Finnish EIA system: What works, what doesn't, and what could be improved?, Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., 31(2), 120-128 (2011)
  10. Panigrahi J.K. and Amirapu S., An assessment of EIA system in India, Environ. ImpactAssess. Rev., 35, 23-36(2012)
  11. Runhaar H., van Laerhoven F., Driessen P. and Arts J., Environmental assessment in The Netherlands: Effectively governing environmental protection?,A discourse analysis, Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., 39, 13-25 (2013)
  12. Mahbub A., Tanvir H.M. and Afrin L.T., An Evaluation of Environmental and Social Impact due to Industrial Activities-A Case Study of Bangshi River around Dhaka Export Processing Zone (DEPZ), Bangladesh, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 3(2), 103-111 (2014)
  13. Ahmad B. and Wood C., A comparative evaluation of the EIA systems in Egypt, Turkey and Tunisia, Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., 22 (3), 213-234 (2002)
  14. Wood C., Environmental impact assessment: a comparative review, Pearson Education, (2003)
  15. El-Fadl K. and El-Fadel M., Comparative assessment of EIA systems in MENA countries: challenges and prospects, Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., 24 (6), 553-593 (2004)
  16. Coskun A.A., An evaluation of the environmental impact assessment system in Turkey, Int. J. Environ. and Sustain. Dev., 4(1), 47-66 (2005)
  17. Nadeem O. and Hameed R., Evaluation of environmental impact assessment system in Pakistan, Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., 28(8), 562-571 (2008)
  18. Badr El-Sayed A., Evaluation of the environmental impact assessment system in Egypt, Impact Assess. and Proj. Appraisal, 3 (27), 193-203 (2009)
  19. GoL, The National Environmental Policy of the Republic of Liberia, Government of Liberia, Monrovia, (2003a) http://www.trunity.net/files/181701_181800/181704/liberia_ national_environmental_policy-2.pdf [Retrieved January 12, 2015 from the World Wide Web], (2015)
  20. GoL, An Act Adopting the Environmental Protection and Management Law of the Republic of Liberia, Government of Liberia, Monrovia, (2003b) http://www.unesco.org/culture/natlaws/media/pdf/liberia/liberia_act2002_engorof.pdf [Retrieved January 12, 2015 from the World Wide Web], (2015)
  21. GoL, An Act Creating the Environmental Protection Agency of the Republic of Liberia, Government of Liberia Monrovia, (2003c) http://www.law.pace.edu/ sites/default/files/IJIEA/primary_sources/Liberia_EPA_Act_2002.pdf,[Retrieved January 12, 2015 from the World Wide Web], (2015)
  22. EPA, Environmental Impact Assessment Procedural Guideline, Environmental Protection Agency of Liberia-EPA, Monrovia, (2006)
  23. Abaza H., Bisset R. and Sadler B., Environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment: towards an integrated approach, UNEP/ Earthprint, (1)(2004)
  24. Riffat R.U.M.A.N.A. and Khan D., A review and evaluation of the environmental impact assessment process in Pakistan, J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Sanit., (1), 17-29 (2006)
  25. Patra H.S. and Satapathy P., Legality and Legitimacy of Public Participation in Environmental Decision Making Process: A Review of Scenario from State of Odisha, India, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 3(3), 79-84 (2014)
  26. Sadler B., International study of the effectiveness of environmental assessment, Final report, Ottawa, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, (1996)
  27. Foruzandeh L. and Abbasi M., Measurement of effectiveness of Implementation of Non-pyramid network Marketing (Case study: Zarnegah Parsian Co.), Res. J. Recent Sci., 3(5), 121-127 (2014)