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Pollution in Saryu River and Ground water Flanking Chapra Town, India and its impact on Human beings and Fishes Diversity

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Zoology Jai Prakash University, Chapra, Bihar, 841301, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (8), Pages 74-76, August,22 (2015)

Abstract

Chapra is situated at the bank of the Ghaghara (Saryu) river. There is a huge population of Chapra town depend on this river. The Ghaghara River is the habitat of more than 30 varieties of fishes. The infirmity of fishes indirectly affected the population of this town. Groundwater is major source of drinking for the people of Saran district. It is less susceptible to contamination in comparison of surface water bodies. 90 percent people of this area are used to drink shallow ground water due to availability of groundwater at a little depth. PH, Fluoride and TDS are physiochemical factors that play a vital role on the health of people and also affected the fish’s diversity. Hence, the present study was undertaken to characterize the change in the physicochemical nature (parameters) of ground water and Saryu River water flanking Chapra Town due to pollution. Water samples are collected from 05 different sites in monthly basis. Evaluation of physicochemical parameters (i.e.PH- 6.5 to 8.9, TDS-450-1200mg/lit, fluoride-0.2- 1.2 ppm of Ground water and PH- 6.5 to 8.9, TDS-95-480mg/lit, fluoride-1-3 ppm of river water) was carried out to assess the quality. A systematic calculation was made to determine the physico-chemical nature of ground water and Saryu River water. The observed data of all the parameters are showing that critical condition of water quality. Suitable suggestions were made to improve the quality of groundwater and river water to take a proper care and health of people and cleanness of Saryu River.

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