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A study on Propolis of Stingless Bees reared from the most Commercial Hub of Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1PG and Research department of Chemistry, Ethiraj College for Women (Autonomous), Chennai 8, Tamilnadu, INDIA
  • 2Department of Chemistry, A.M.Jain College, Meenambakkam, Chennai - 114, Tamilnadu, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (7), Pages 39-47, July,22 (2015)

Abstract

Stingless bees are indigenous pollinators of treasured herbal plants. Propolis of stingless bees is a natural, strongly adhesive mixture made of bee secretions and plant resins. Stingless bee Propolis exhibit a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities that vary depending on the geographical location, climate, generic type of bees and availability of botanical sources for the bees to forage. In this study, we report the nature, composition, and bio-medical applications of Propolis of stingless bees, reared and collected from the most commercial hub of Chennai, Thyagaraya Nagar. Active components were best extracted with ethanol-water mixture using ultrasonication method. The results of the study revealed that stingless bee Propolis of this region is found to have anti-fungal activity and significant anti-cancer activity against A549lung cancer cells with IC 50 value of 76g/ml. Evaluation of total phenol, flavonoid, radical scavenging ability and anti-bacterialstudies reflected the impact of the environment on the quality of Propolis of stingless bees of this region.

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