6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) and Workshop on Intellectual Property Rights. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Seasonal Distribution of Heavy Metals in the Coastal Waters and Sediments along the Major Zones of South East Coast of India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of chemistry, St. Xavier’s College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (2), Pages 22-31, February,22 (2015)


The study of heavy-metal distribution in shore sea water and surface sediments is significant and understanding the distribution levels and also finding the cause of anthropogenic impacts along the marine ecosystem. During the last Twenty-Five years, the coastal environment of southeast India has enormous and rapid developments in urbanization, industry and aquaculture. Numerous heavy metals are to be discharged often through industrial and domestic effluents along the coastal area of southeast coast of India. The present study was carried out to determine the Heavy Metal Distribution in the coastal Waters and sediments of Mandapam, Thoothukudi, Arumuganeri and Kanyakumari Coasts. The sampling of coastal water and sediments was carried out from October 2013 to September 2014.The enrichment in the concentration of heavy metals in the samples along the coastal areas indicated that higher concentration due to the anthropogenic activities. Hence, this present study used to explore the Heavy metal contamination level in this area, and also useful for further impact evaluation.


  1. Michael HC, Heavy metal in encyclopedia of earth. edited by Monosson Cleveland C., Washington DC : National Council for Science and the Environment, (2010)
  2. Ip C.C.M., Li X.D., Zhang G., Wai O.W.H and Li Y.S., Trace metal distribution in sediments of the Pearl River Estuary and the surrounding coastal areas, South China, Environmental Pollution, 147, 311–323 (2007)
  3. Lamb T., Bickham J.W. and Gibbons J.W., Genetic damage in a population of slider turtles (Trachemysscripta) inhabiting a radioactive reservoir, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 20, 138-142 (1991)
  4. Bryan GW, Bioaccumulation of marine pollutants, Phil Trans R Soc Lond B 1979, 286, 483–505 (1979)
  5. Antonio Cobelo Garcia and Ricardo Prego, Heavy metal sedimentary records in Galician Ria (NW Spain) : Background values and recent contamination, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46, 1253–1262 (2003)
  6. Forstner U and Wittmann G T W, Metal pollution in the aquatic environment (Berlin: Springer), 486, (1981)
  7. Ananthan G, Sampathkumar P, Palpandi C and Kannan L, Distribution of heavy metals in Vellar estuary, Southeast coast of India, J Ecotoxicol Environ Monit, 16, 185–191 (2006)
  8. Castro H., Aguilera P.A., Martinez J.L. and Carrique E.L., Differentiation of clams from fishing areas an approximation to coastal quality assessment, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 54, 229-237 (1999)
  9. Eugenia JO, Sanchez G and Marcado G, Cleaner production and environmental sound biotechnology for the prevention of upstream nutrient pollution in the Mexican coast of the Gulf of Mexico, Ocean Coastal Manag., 47, 641–670 (2004)
  10. Brooks R.R., Presley B.J. and Kaplan I.R., Determination of microgram amounts of some transition metals in sea water by methyl iso-butyl ketone-nitric acid successive extraction and flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometer, Talanta, 14, 809–814 (1967)
  11. Tessier A, Campbell PGC and Bisson M., Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals, Anal Chem, 51, 844–851 (1979)
  12. Ruilian Y., Xing Y., Yuanhui Z., Gongren H. and Xianglin T., Heavy metal pollution in intertidal sediments from Quanzhou Bay, China, J. Environ. Sci., 20, 664–669 (2008)
  13. Vinithkumar N.V., Kumaresan S., Manjusha M. and Balasubramanian T., Organic matter, Nutrients and major ions in the sediments of corals reefs and seagrass bed of Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, Southeast coast of India, Indian J. Mar. Sci., 28, 383-393 (1999)
  14. Palanichamy S. and Rajendran A., Heavy metal concentrations in seawater and sediments of Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay, Southeast coast of India, Indian J. Mar. Sci., 29, 116-119 (2000)
  15. Kennish M.J., Practical handbook of Estuarine and Marine Pollution, 525, Boca Raton, FL: CRC (1996)
  16. Fernandez C, Monna F, Labanowski J, Loubet M and van Oort F, Anthropogenic lead distribution in soils under arable land and permanent grassland estimated by Pb isotopic compositions, Environ Pollut, 156, 1083–1091 (2008)
  17. Abu-Hilal A.H., Distribution of trace elements in nearshore surface sediments from the Jordan Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea), Mar. Poll. Bull, 18(4), 190–193 (1987)
  18. Selvaraj K, Ram-Mohan V, Srinivasalu S, Jonathan, MP and Siddartha R., Distribution of non-detrital trace metals in sediment cores from Ennore creek, southeast coast of India, Journal of Geological Society of India, 62, 191–204 (2003)
  19. Int. Res. J. Environment Sci. International Science Congress Association 3119.Jayaprakash M, Jonathan MP, Srinivasalu S, Muthu Raj S, Ram- Mohan V and Rajeshwara Rao N., Acid-leachable trace metals in sediments from an industrialized region (Ennore Creek) of Chennai City, SE coast of India : An approach towards regular monitoring, Estuar Coast Shelf Sci ., 76, 692–703 (2008)
  20. Raman A.V. and Ganapati P.N., Pollution effects on ecobiology of benthic polychaetes in Visakapatanam harbour (Bay of Bengal), Mar Poll Bull, 14, 46-52 (1983)
  21. Jurgen Ritterhoff and Gerd-Peter Zauke, Influence of Body length, Life-history status and sex on trace metal concentrations in selected zooplankton collectives from the Greenland Sea., Marine Pollution Bulletin, 34(8),614-621 (1997a)
  22. Wang W-X and Fisher NS, Assimilation efficiencies of chemical contaminants in aquatic invertebrates: a synthesis, Environ Toxicol Chem, 18, 2034–45 (1999a)
  23. El Nemr A, Khaled A and El Sikaily A., Distribution and statistical analysis of leachable and total heavy metals in the sediments of the Suez Gulf, Environ Mon Ass, 118, 89–112 (2006)
  24. Turkoglu M. and Parlak H., Accumulation and distribution of total chromium in seawater, sediment, and some organisms and its behaviour processes in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea), Ege Univ. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 16(1-2), 47-58 (1999)
  25. Thomson A.J., Proteins containing nickel, Nature, 298, 602-603 (1982)
  26. Achyuthan H, Richardmohan D, Srinivasalu S and Selvaraj K ., Trace metals in the sediment cores of estuary and tidal zones from northern part of southeast coast of India, Indian J Mar Sci, 31, 141–149 (2002)
  27. Muthu Raj S and Jayaprakash M., Distribution and enrichment of trace metals in marine sediments of Bay of Bengal, off Ennore, south-east coast of India, Environ Geol, 56, 207–217 (2008)
  28. Boxall A.B.A., Comber S.D., Conrad A.U., Howcroft J. and Zaman N., Inputs, Bulletin, 37, 393–403 (2000)
  29. John SG, Park JG, Zhang Z, Boyle EA., The isotopic composition of some common forms of anthropogenic zinc, Chem Geol, 245, 61–69 (2007)