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Understanding the Chemical Metamorphosis of Yamuna River due to Pollution load and Human use

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Rajdhani College, University of Delhi, New delhi-110015, INDIA
  • 2Department of Chemistry, Kirori Mal College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (2), Pages 58-63, February,22 (2015)


In the lower Himalayas, at an altitude of roughly 6000 m, glacier Yamunotri is the point of origin of the sacred river Yamuna. Yamuna passes through certain areas of the states of seven states viz., Uttarakand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and NCT–Delhi. This surface water is widely used for irrigation, domestic water supply, industrial etc. It has been subjected to over abuse, both in volume and quality. Before entering Delhi, it crosses Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. It enters Delhi near Wazirabad (Delhi) and covers a 48 km stretch in Delhi before inflowing the state of Uttar Pradesh. Although two other major industrial cities Yamuna Nagar and Panipat of Haryana state are located close to the river prior to its entering Delhi yet its appearance changes drastically due to mindless discharge of waste water from the drains. So much alarming is the level of pollution that at certain stretches in Delhi, the dissolved oxygen (DO) has fallen to zero. Given that a large number of inhabitants are dependent on the river, it is of significance to understand its chemical metamorphosis and preserve its water quality.


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