6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) and Workshop on Intellectual Property Rights. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Assessment of Water Quality of River Mandakini during Amawashya in Chitrakoot, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Dept. of Energy and Environment, MGCGV, Chitrakoot, Satana, MP, 485331, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (2), Pages 54-57, February,22 (2015)


The rivers in India have been considered sacred from ancient times. People take holy dip in river with the faith that the water washes away their sin. Most of the festival associated with bathing in rivers. Chitrakoot is a religious place and lacks of floating population take bath in river Mandakini during every Amawashya day. The main objective of present study was undertaken to investigate water quality changes due to mass bathing during Amawashya. The effect caused by mass bathing was assessed and discussed. It was observed that fecal coliform, DO, BOD and COD had significant changes due to mass bathing. The fecal coliform MPN was higher in Amawashya as well as in normal days. The quality of water indicated that river seemed much polluted from Arogyadham to Ramghat. Increased pollution load deteriorating the water quality of river Mandakini day by day. Higher fecal coliform values indicating that river water is not safe for pilgrimís health point of view.


  1. Kannan G.K and Chaurasia S., Impact assessment of mass bathing on River Mandakini during Ashwamedha Yogna April 1994, IJEP,14(5), 356-359 (1994)
  2. APHA-AWWA-WPCF, Standard methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Editor A.D. Eaton, 18th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington, (2005)
  3. Singh R.K., Shrivastava U.P. and Desai V.R., Seasonal and diurnal variations in physico-chemical conditions of water and plankton in lotic sector of Rihand reservoir (UP), J. Inland Fish Soc. India,12(1), 100-11 (1980)
  4. Kumar V., Arya S., Dhaka A., Minakshi and Chanchal, A study on physico-chemical characteristics of Yamuna River around Hamirpur (UP), Bundelkhand region Central India, Int. Multidisplinary Research Journal,1(1), 4-16 (2011)
  5. Abida B and Harikrishna, Study on the quality of water in some streams of Cauveri River, Journal of Chemistry, 5(1), 377-384 (2008)
  6. Singh X., Ranteke P.W., Mishra S. and Shukla, Physico-chemical analysis of Yamuna River, Int. Journal of Research in environmental Science and Technology,3(2), 58-60 (2013)
  7. Chaurasia S., Water pollution from mass bathing in River Mandakini during Chitrakoot Deepawali Mela 1993, IJEP,14(10), 758-765 (1994)