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The Diversity and Spatial Distribution of Birds in a Moderately Developed Urban Habitat of Gulabpura, Rajasthan, India

Author Affiliations

  • 12 Department of Zoology, M.L.V. Government College, Bhilwara, Rajasthan, INDIA
  • 2 Aquatic Toxicology and Wildlife Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur Rajasthan, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 4, Issue (12), Pages 82-92, December,22 (2015)

Abstract

Urbanization is a phenomenon directly related with development. The outcomes of unplanned development appear as deformed and unsustained ecosystems. We studied the bird community composition of various habitats around an urbanized domain from year 2011 to year 2013.The birds of four different habitats namely Open cultivation, Urban, Aquatic and Parks and grassland patches were recorded using line transect and call note methods. Total 129 birds of 48 families have been recorded out of them 44 were migratory and 85 were resident. Urban habitat had least number of birds and open cultivation area had highest number of birds. The maximum numbers of birds were omnivorous guild followed by insectivorous and carnivorous guild.15 bird species among 129 were urban dependent, 24 species were urban semi-dependent and 89 were urban independent. Sorenson’s biodiversity index was calculated to know the community overlapping but no considerable similarity was revealed besides between urban habitat and park and grassland patch habitat.

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