9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effect of Diesel Oil Polluted Soil on Proximate Compositions and Mineral Elements of Scent Leaf (Occimum Gratisimum) in AkwaIbom State, Nigeria

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Biological Sciences, AkwaIbom State University, Ikot Akpaden, MkpatEnin Local Government Area, AkwaIbom State, NIGERIA
  • 2 Department of Forestry and Environmental Management, Michael Okpara University, Umudike, Abia State, NIGERIA
  • 3 Department of Forestry and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, Calabar

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (9), Pages 32-36, September,22 (2014)

Abstract

Studies of effect in diesel oil pollution on proximate compositions and mineral nutrients in the leaves of Occimumgratissimum were investigated. Five levels (0ml, 75ml, 150ml, 225ml and 300ml) of diesel oil pollution were mixed with 5kg of soil. Each treatment was replicated three times. Plant samples were watered daily for 16 weeks (four months). At the end of 16 weeks, the leave samples were harvested for laboratory analysis. The proximate compositions and mineral nutrients of the leave samples were determined. The results revealed that mean percentage protein(1.57±0.02), fats (0.95±0.02), Ash (0.74±0.25),fibre (1.03±0.03) content and carbohydrate (4.15±0.25) of leave samples were significantly (P<0.05) lower in (300ml) treatment of diesel pollution compare to the corresponding values protein (18.30±0.01), crude fat(22.17±0.13), total ash( 12.05±0.07), crude fibre ( 9.16±0.15) and carbohydrate ( 47.01±0.04) recorded in the (0ml) control experiment respectively. The percentage moisture and dry matter contents were significantly high (P<0.05) in control (0ml) experiment (62.15%, 47.07%) respectively. Treatment with 300ml and 2250ml of diesel oil pollution recorded the least values of moisture and dry matter contents in the leave samples. The mineral nutrientsCa, P, K, Mg, Na, Fe and Zn were also found to reduce significantly as the level of diesel oil pollution increased in the soil compare to values recorded in control experiment (0ml). It is recommended that remediation of diesel oil polluted soil should be carried out before any agricultural activities is carried out in the area.

References

  1. Adam G., Gamoh K, Morris, D. G. and Duncan, H. Effect and Alcohol addition on the movement and petroleumhydrocarbon fuels in soils, Sci. Total Environ., 286 (113), 15-25 (2002)
  2. Venossa A.D, Wood H.K. and Mott R., Bioremediation of an Experimental oil spill on the shore of Delaware by Environmental Science and Technology, 30, 1764-1776(1996)
  3. Wyszokowska S. and Kucharski S., Biochemical Properties of soil contaminated by petrol, Polish Environ Studies, 9(6), 476-485 (2000)
  4. Onyeri B.A., Impact of oil industry on the Envirnment, Proceedings of Environmental Awareness Seminar on the Pertoleum Industry and the Nigerian Environment.P.T.I. Warri, Nigeria (1998)
  5. Aboribe R.I., Oil politics and the Niger Delta development commission, The tussle for control and domination, Afr. J. Environ. Stud.,, 168-175 (2001)
  6. Ogbo E.M., Zibigha M. and Odogu G., Effect of crudeoil on growth of the weed (Paspalumscrobiculalum L.)Phytoremediation potential of the plant, Afric Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 3(9), 229-233 (2009)
  7. Nwaogu L.A., Ujowundu C.O. and Mgbemena A.I. (Studies on the nutritional and phytochemical composition of Amaranthushybridus leaves, Bio–Res., , 28-31 (2006)
  8. Torstensse L.O., Mikaelpell P. and Bostenberg C., Need of a strategy for evaluation of arablesoil quality, Environ. Pollut., 27, 4-7 (1998)
  9. Wyszkowski M., Wyszkokwska S. and Ziochokwska A., Effect of soil contamination with diesel oil on yellowlupine, field and macro elements content plant soil environment, 50(5), 218-226 (2004)
  10. Adedokun O.M. and Ataga A.E., Effects of amendments and bioaugumentation of soil polluted with crude oil, automotive gasoline oil, and spent engine oil on the growth of cowpea (VignaungiculataWalp L.), Scientific Research and Essay 2(5), 147-149 (2007)
  11. Udoekpo D, Akpan M. and Ukoh P., Effect of air pollution on carbohydrate and nutrient concentrations in some vegetables crops. In Niger Delta region, Bulg J Plant physiol, 2006, 22(1 2), 53- 63 (2010)
  12. Ekpo F.E. and Nya E.J., Effect of poultry manure amendments on diesel oil polluted soil on germination and growth performance of some forest tree species, Journal of Research in Environmental Science and Toxicology, 1(7)195-200 (2012)
  13. Eka B.A., Effect of crude oil pollution on microorganisms and nutrient composition of Bitter leaf in the tropics, Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Research, 16, 67–71 (2012)
  14. Gill L.S., Ethno Medical uses of plants in Nigeria Uniben Press, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nig. 176 – 177 (1992)
  15. Emeka I.N. and Elizabeth E.E., Justification for the use of Ocimumgratissimum L in herbal medicine and its interaction with disc antibiotics, Journal of Pharmcolgy, , 22-29 (2007)
  16. Pearson D., The Chemical Analysis of Foods, Chivah Livingstone Edinburgh; 3-7 (1976)
  17. James C.S., Analytical Chemistry of Foods, Chapman and Hall: New York; 52–55 (1995)
  18. AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis, Association of Official AnalyticalChemist: Washington DC (2000)
  19. Kirk R.S. and Sawyer R., Pearson’s composition and analysis of foods, 9th Ed. Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., England; 1998 (1998)
  20. Udoh B.I. and Oguwale N.C., Mineral quantitative analysis, J. African food chem., 4a(11), 5489-5493 (1986)
  21. Steel R.G and Torrie J.H., Principles and procedures of statistics- a biometrical approach, 3rdedition, McGraw-Hill Book Coy. NY, USA (1980)
  22. Kyung Hwa P., Ladeji S., Okoye Z. and Ojobe T., Chemical evaluation of the nutritivevalue of leaf of fluted pumpkin (Telferiaoccidentalis), Food Chem, 53, 353-355 (2009)
  23. Ogbuehi H.C., Ezeibekwe I.O. and Agbakwuru U., Assessment of Crude Oil Pollution the proximatecomposition and macro element of cassava crop in Owerri, Imo State Int Sci Res J,(2), 62-65 (2010)
  24. Agbogidi O.M., Erutor P.G., Appanbi S.O., Nagi G.U., Evaluation of crude oil contaminates oil on the mineralnutrient element of maize (Zea mays L.), J Agron., 6(1), 188-193 (2007)
  25. Adenipekun O., Oyetungi O.S. and Kassim C.Q. Effect ofspent engine oil on the growth parameters and chlorophyllcontent of Corchorusolitonuslinn, Environmentalist, 28, 446-450 (2008)
  26. Ebun-Oluwa P.O. and Alade A.S., Nutritional potential of Berlandier Nettle spurge (Jatrophacathatica) seed, Pak. J. Nutr.,6, 345-348 (2007)
  27. Burkill H.M. The useful plants of West Africa, Vol.1, Royal Botanical Gardens, 11-20 (1985)
  28. Bouquet A. and Debray M., Plantes Medicinales, 146-7 (1974)
  29. Choudhary K.A. and Bandyopadhyay N.G., Preliminary studies on the inorganconstituents ofsome indigenous hyperglycaemic herbs on oralglucose tolerance test,J.Ethnopharmacol., 64, 179-184 (1999)