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Effects of different Concentrations of Detergents on Dissolved Oxygen Consumption in fresh water fish Mystus montanus

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Zoology Department, Fergusson College, Pune-411004, Maharashtra, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (8), Pages 1-5, August,22 (2014)

Abstract

The detergents are household chemical cleaning compound required in wide range of our daily life for diverse purposes. In many of these of application, the surfactants are used in interaction with water. Surfactant is a major constituent of detergents; this is a compound of high biological activity and has a tendency to accumulate in organisms, making adverse effects possible even at very levels of exposure. In some rivers the concentrations of detergents is quite high. The freshwater fish like Mystus montanus is highly sensitive to the household detergents like Surf and Nirma powder. The average mortality in each concentration was taken to determine the LC50 by plotting a graph, taking concentration on X-axis and mortality on Y-axis. According to graphical plots the 50% mortality values of Surf excel and Nirma for 96 hours were 20.0 mg/litre and 23.5 mg/litre respectively. The Fishes were exposed to sublethal concentrations (1/3rd and 2/3rd of LC50 values of Surf excel and Nirma) as per suggestions for a period of 96hrs2. The oxygen consumption has increased with 1/3rd sublethal concentration of both detergents with increase in time. However, the lowest oxygen consumption was observed at 2/3rd of lethal concentration with increase in time.

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