9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Production of Ethanol by fermentation process by using Yeast Saccharomycescerevisae

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Environmental Science, Lahore College for Women University, Jail road, Lahore PAKISTAN

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (7), Pages 24-32, July,22 (2014)

Abstract

The world is facing a serious energy crisis all over the world due to development in industrial and transportation sectors and population explosion as well. So there is a need to find out the alternative techniques. Ethanol is a renewable energy resource derived from the domestic resources like the waste tissue paper, corn, wheat straw, algae, food and newspaper waste mixture and also from paper waste. Present study deals with the Production of Ethanol from the waste tissue paper by the simultaneous saccharification. Waste tissue paper samples were collected from different restaurants. Sampling strategy was the composite sampling. Ethanol was prepared from tissue paper waste and paper waste with different ratios of sulfuric acid. The variation in the quality of ethanol is due to the raw material used. Quality assessment parameters were also measured. All the results of quality parameters were within the range of pure ethanol. Quality assessment parameters showed that ethanol produced meet the ASTM quality standards indicating that used/waste tissue paper can be used as a substitute to the traditional energy fuels as well as protect the environment.

References

  1. Amer M. and Daim T.U., Selection of renewable energy technologies for a developing county: A case of Pakistan, Jounal of Energy for Sustainable Development, 15(4), 420-435 (2011)
  2. Asif M., Energy Crisis in Pakistan: Origins, Challenges, and Sustainable Solutions, OUP Lahore, Pakistan, 170-215 (2012)
  3. Hansson A., Energy Crisis: Solution From Space, Journal of Space Policy, 34(4), 306-308 (2012)
  4. Harijana K., Uqailib M.A. Memona M. and Mirzac U.K., Forecasting the diffusion of wind power in Pakistan, Jounal of Energy, 36(10), 6068–6073 (2011)
  5. Amjid S.S., Bilal M.Q., Nazir M.S. and Hussain A., Biogas, renewable energy resource for Pakistan, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(6), 2833–2837 (2011)
  6. Mirza U.K., Ahmad N. and Majeed T., An overview of biomass energy utilization in Pakistan, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 12(7), 1988–1996 (2008)
  7. Pimentel D., Global Economic and Environmental Aspects of Biofuels (Vol. 17) CRC Press. New York, 24-403 (2012)
  8. Bhuttoa A.W., Bazmib A.A. and Zahedib G., Greener energy: Issues and challenges for Pakistan-Solar energy prospective, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(5), 2762–2780 (2012)
  9. Kaygusuz K., Energy for sustainable development: A case of developing countries, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(2), 1116–1126 (2012)
  10. Tyagi V.K. and Lo S.L., Sludge: A waste or renewable source for energy and resources recovery, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 25(5), 708–728 (2013)
  11. Bhuttoa A.W., Bazmib A.A. and Zahedib G., Greener energy: Issues and challenges for Pakistan-wind power prospective, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 20(4), 519–538 (2013)
  12. Sheikh M.A., Energy and renewable energy scenario of Pakistan, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(1) 354–363 (2010)
  13. Chaudhry M.A. and Hayat S., Renewable energy technologies in Pakistan: Prospects and challenges, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(6-7),1657–1662 (2009)
  14. Refaat A.A., Biofuels from Waste Materials, Journal of Comprehensive Renewable Energy, 5(3), 217-261 (2012)
  15. Pereira F.B., Guimarães P.M., Teixeira J.A. and Domingues L., Optimization of low-cost medium for very high gravity ethanol fermentations by Saccharomyces cerevisiae using statistical experimental designs, Journal of Bioresource Technology, 101(20), 7856–7863 (2010)
  16. Pereira F.B., Guimarães P.M., Teixeira J.A. and Domingues L., Optimization of low-cost medium for very high gravity ethanol fermentations by Saccharomyces cerevisiae using statistical experimental designs, Journal of Bioresource Technology, 112(2), 130-136 (2011)
  17. Pasquini C. and Bueno A.F., Characterization of petroleum using near infrared spectroscopy: Quantitative modeling for the true boiling point curve and specific gravity, Journal of Fuel., 86(12-13), 1927-1934 (2007)
  18. Chakrabartia M.H., Alib M., Usmanic J.N., Khanc N.A., Hasana D.B. and Islama M.S., Status of biodiesel research and development in Pakistan, Jounal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(7), 4396–4405 (2012)
  19. Xin Z., Yinbo Q. and Peiji G., Acceleration of ethanol production from paper mill waste fiber by supplementation with -glucosidase, Journal of Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 15(1), 62–65 (1993)
  20. Parka I., Kima I., Kanga K., Sohnd H., Rheeb I. and Jina I., Cellulose ethanol production from waste newsprint by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation using Saccharomyces cerevisiae KNU5377, journal of Process Biochemistry, 45(4), 487–492 (2010)
  21. ASTM 2002. D 4806, D 1298, D 6423, D 445, D 1298, American society for testing and materials
  22. Pasquini C. and Bueno A.F., Characterization of petroleum using near infrared spectroscopy: Quantitative modeling for the true boiling point curve and specific gravity, Journal of Fuel., 86(12-13), 1927-1934 (2007)
  23. Moreiraa R., Chenloa F. and Saint-Olympeb A., Kinematic Viscosity of Aqueous Solutions of Ethanol and Glucose in the Range of Temperatures from 20 to 45°C, International Journal of Food Properties.,12(4), 834-843 (2009)
  24. Kotay S.M. and Das D., Biohydrogen as a renewable energy resource—Prospects and potentials, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 33(1), 258–263 (2008)