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Prevalence of Culturable Airborne Fungi in Fruit Markets of Delhi and Noida, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida 201303, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (7), Pages 1-6, July,22 (2014)

Abstract

Fungi have been identified as the foremost agents responsible for deteriorating fruits kept in storage after harvesting, leading to significant economic losses. The present study involves the qualitative and quantitative assessment of various airborne fungi in the three fruit markets of Delhi and Noida. An aerobiological survey was conducted using gravity settling technique. The frequently isolated fungi were Aspergillus, Alternaria, Cladosporium, Penicillium, Fusarium and Heliminthosporium. The most dominant species of Aspergillus were A. niger, A. flavus and A. fumigatus. Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium and Alternaria were also isolated from rotten fruit samples collected from these markets. The present study identified major airborne fungi associated with post harvest rot in fruit markets. The information may help in efficient control of post-harvest and storage diseases of fruits.

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