10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Challenges in recovery Phase related to Floods: Case Study of District Ambala, Haryana, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Electronics, SD College, Ambala Cantt, Haryana, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (6), Pages 92-98, June,22 (2014)


India, the country of diversity spends on an average about two percent of GDP on disasters due to its high vulnerability towards natural disasters, arising the dire need for systematic and strategic approach towards Disaster management. The most important and crucial phase of the Disaster Management is the Disaster recovery which is the practice by which local and central government and various agencies assist victims of disaster in recovering from affects of disaster and bring them back to normal routine work. In the preliminary recovery phase their personal needs are fulfilled by the local government and agencies and their day to day services are restored to the level so that they can manage the continuing process. After initial recovery, steps are taken for reconstruction and rehabilitation measures. Central government helps in disaster recovery by providing funds to states to lessen the monetary burden associated with the provision of relief payments to the victims of natural disaster and re-establishment of infrastructure. Although the assistance from government plays an important role in recovery but all the efforts of Disaster recovery have to be realized by the affected community itself. They can involve International and National agencies in rehabilitation programs, but there is an inherent delay associated with the outside support. The task becomes more complicated because rehabilitation involves various crucial types like social, physical, and psychological. Out of these, the most crucial is psychological recovery as it presents lot of constraints on the part of victims and stakeholders. This paper presents the landscape of Ambala District with specific challenges to the flood recovery plans. The stakeholder’s perspective has been presented from the community driven recovery strategy.


  1. Kalpana Srivastava, Disaster: Challenges and perspectives, Ind Psychiatry J., 19(1), 1–4 (2010)
  2. Int. Res. J. Environment Sci. International Science Congress Association 982.Bolin R., Household and community recovery after earthquakes. Boulder: Institute of Behavioral science, University of Boulder; (1993)
  3. Thoits P. Dimensions of life events that influence psychological distress. An evaluation and synthesis of the literature. In: Kaplan H, editor. Psychological stress: Trends in theory and research. New York: Academic Press; (1983)
  4. Public Policy Towards Natural Disasters in India, Centre for Budget and Government Accountability, available at http://www.cbgaindia.org/files/working_papers/Public%20Policy %20 to wards % 20 Natural % 20Disasters % 20in %20India.pdf, accessed on June 20, (2011)
  5. Mohandas E. Roadmap to Indian Psychiatry, Indian J Psychiatry, 51, 173–9 (2009)
  6. Arya Richa1, Gupta Anil K.2and Yunus Mohammad Flood Resilience through Climate-change adaptation: A case of Gorakhpur, Eastern Uttar Pradesh in India, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 1(2), 25-28 (2012)
  7. Shakya B., Ranjit R., Shakya A., Bajracharya S. and Khadka N., Estimation of extreme flood over Balkhu River using NOAA-based satellite rainfall and HEC-HMS hydrological model, and assessment of flood education of people living near the flood risk zone of Balkhu River. International Symposium on Geo-hazard, Infrastructure Management and Protection of World Heritage Sites,Kathmandu, Nepal, (2006)
  8. Kempena A., Boudzoumou F., Nganga D. and Ray H., Cartography of environmental vulnerability to soil erosion of the urban area of Brazzaville using Geographic Information System (GIS), International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 3(5), 35-43 (2014)
  9. Ladwani K.D., Ladwani K., Manik V.S. and Ramteke D.S., Impact of Industrial Effluent Discharge on Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Agricultural Soil, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 1(3), 32-36 (2012)
  10. Dhameja Alka, Droughts and Foods: A Case for Dying Wisdom in Pardeep Sahni et al. (Eds.), Disaster Mitigation: Experiences and Reflections, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi (2001)
  11. www.ambala.gov.in (2014)
  12. Disaster Management, Plan of Ambala District, Haryana (2014)
  13. Jai Singh Ahlawat and Rajeev Bansal, Haryana Irrigation Department, Chandigarh, Floods Management and Drainage System in Haryana (2014)
  14. Syl Water Services Circle, Ambala, Flood Report Ending (2012)
  15. Hindustan Times, Madhvi Sally, ET Bureau Aug 21, 2012, 05.24PM IST (2012)
  16. Sharma Anshu, Damage Assessment, Faculty of Public Administration, SOSS, IGNOU (2006)
  17. District Revenue Department Ambala, Haryana, (2014)
  18. National Disaster Management Authority, September, Report on Role of NGOs in Disaster Management, Government of India (2010)
  19. United Nations Development Programme India, (2002-2009), Good Practices in Community Based Disaster Risk Management, Government of India (2009)
  20. Sugirtharan M and Venuthasan T, Farmers’ Awareness on Climate ChangeRelated Issues at some Irrigable Areas of Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 1(2), 29-32 (2012)