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Challenges in recovery Phase related to Floods: Case Study of District Ambala, Haryana, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Electronics, SD College, Ambala Cantt, Haryana, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (6), Pages 92-98, June,22 (2014)

Abstract

India, the country of diversity spends on an average about two percent of GDP on disasters due to its high vulnerability towards natural disasters, arising the dire need for systematic and strategic approach towards Disaster management. The most important and crucial phase of the Disaster Management is the Disaster recovery which is the practice by which local and central government and various agencies assist victims of disaster in recovering from affects of disaster and bring them back to normal routine work. In the preliminary recovery phase their personal needs are fulfilled by the local government and agencies and their day to day services are restored to the level so that they can manage the continuing process. After initial recovery, steps are taken for reconstruction and rehabilitation measures. Central government helps in disaster recovery by providing funds to states to lessen the monetary burden associated with the provision of relief payments to the victims of natural disaster and re-establishment of infrastructure. Although the assistance from government plays an important role in recovery but all the efforts of Disaster recovery have to be realized by the affected community itself. They can involve International and National agencies in rehabilitation programs, but there is an inherent delay associated with the outside support. The task becomes more complicated because rehabilitation involves various crucial types like social, physical, and psychological. Out of these, the most crucial is psychological recovery as it presents lot of constraints on the part of victims and stakeholders. This paper presents the landscape of Ambala District with specific challenges to the flood recovery plans. The stakeholder’s perspective has been presented from the community driven recovery strategy.

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