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Quantification of fat in Chicken's feather Meal for its conversion into Biodiesel

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Environmental Science, Lahore College for Women University, Jail road, Lahore PAKISTAN

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (6), Pages 67-74, June,22 (2014)

Abstract

Increased demand of fuel due to rapid increment in urbanization has led to the depletion of non-renewable resources. To combat this situation and reduce the negative environmental consequences of fossil fuels, alternative biofuels from renewable resources have been a focus of intensive research. Biodiesels; a diesel replacement, are derived usually from renewable feedstock like vegetable oils and animal fats. However, different animal based waste products can also be utilized to produce biodiesels, which also has an advantage of minimizing waste and reducing environmental pollution. Therefore, the present study is aimed to introduce new, environmental friendly and cost-effective processes of biodiesel production through fat extracted from feather meal by transesterification process. Different parameters of feather meal (i.e. extracted fat and recovered fat) were investigated to show their potential of conversion into biodiesel. Moreover, the fuel properties like acid value, relative density, kinematic viscosity, pH, cloud point, water and sediment test, methanol test, visibility and emulsification is also investigated to check out their viability against the ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 biodiesel specifications. The amount of extracted fat lied between 381.5g to 403.25g from 1kg. Acid value found out by volumetric titration had values 0.43mg KOH.g-1 to 0.48mg KOH.g-1 whereas the viscosity found out by viscometer ranged between 4.35mm2/s to 4.65mm2/s. The results thus showed that a low cost fuel with recommended properties is produced through cheap and viable approach. Now, it’s the government’s responsibility to pay attention towards new technological innovations to overcome the global fuel crisis.

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