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Environmental Sanitation Index for the State of Tamilnadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Environmental Management, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli- 620 024, Tamilnadu, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (5), Pages 54-59, May,22 (2014)

Abstract

Nations across the world have been endeavoring to achieve sustainable sanitation practices towards reaching the UN-Million Development Goals before 2015. Preparation of Environmental Sanitation Index for the state of Tamil Nadu, India, is part of the exercise. Methodology used under Human Development Index is taken as a model and customized the same to suit environmental sanitation index. Indices attempted in this paper will be a pointer to policy makers and administrators to take corrective measures for those districts which displayed dismal performance on the sanitation front. Still there is one more year to go as target period of MDG being 2015. Districts like Chennai and Kanniyakumari exemplified well by scoring first and second ranks also excelled better on literacy and income level. Access to toilet is crucial to sanitation and it is reckoned that about fifty per cent of Indian population is still using open air for defecation. This has to change and without which all development efforts will never be inclusive.

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