6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Drinking Water Quality Assessment of Ground Waters of Bhachau - Kachchh, Gujarat, India with special reference to major Anions and Cations

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Water and Health, J. S. S. University, Sri Varatheeswara Nagara, Mysore, Karnataka-570015, INDIA
  • 2 Division of Coastal and Marine Ecology, Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology, Mundra road, Bhuj- Kachchh, Gujarat 370001, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (5), Pages 67-72, May,22 (2014)


The major objective of the present study is to assess the quality of the groundwater in Bhachau district which is the only source of drinking water in arid and semi arid zones. To collect the information on the level of pollution 34 water samples were collected from various village of Bhachau districts, Gujarat during February 2013. The Physico-chemical parameters analyzed were based on their clinical significance. Parameters like color ,odor , pH, electrical conductivity, turbidity, salinity, total dissolved solids, total hardness, calcium and magnesium hardness, fluoride, potassium, sulphate , lithium, bromide, ammonium, calcium were analyzed. Most of the parameters are exceeding the permissible limit recommended by BIS. Fluoride content in the water sample ranged from 3.20 to 5.37 mg/L. Analysis of various water quality parameters indicated the contamination of groundwater in the selected sites.


  1. Mariappan V., Prabakaran P., Rajan M.R. and Ravichandran A.D., A Systematic study of water quality index among the physico-chemical characterstics of groundwater in and around Thanjavur Town, Ind. J. Env. Protect.,25, 551- 555 (2005)
  2. Jameel, Evaluation of drinking water quality in Thiruchirapalli, Ind. J. Env. prot., 44(2), 108–112 (2002)
  3. Rajmohan N., Elango L., Ramachandran S. and Natarajan, Major ion correlation in groundwater of Kancheepuram region, South India, Ind. J. Env. Health,45(1), 1-5 (2002)
  4. Meenakshi and Maheshwari R.C., Fluoride in drinking water and its removal, J.Hazard.Mater., 137, 456 – 463 (2006)
  5. Zoeteman C.J., Overview of contaminants in groundwater. In: Ground water quality (Eds.) Ward, C. H., W. Giger and P. L. Mc Carty. Wiley - Interscience publications, 28 (1985)
  6. Saxena M.M., Environmental Analysis – water, soil and air, Agro Botanical Publishers (India), 2nd Edition, 4-86, 121-125 (1994)
  7. American Public Health Association: Standard Methods for the examination of water and waste water, 17th edition., Washington, DC 1989
  8. Bureau of Indian Standards, (IS 10500:1991), Edition 2.1. (1993)
  9. Nirmala B. and Ranjitha N.J., Physico-chemical analysis of ground water of selected areas of Mysore city, Karnataka, India, World Rur. Obser., 3(3), 88-91 (2011)
  10. Patil V.T. and Patil P.R., Physio-chemical analysis of selected ground water of Amalner Town on Jalgaon District, Maharashtra, India, E J. Chem.,7(1), 111-116 (2007)
  11. Durfor C.N. and Becker E., Public water supplies of the 100 largest cities in the United States, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper, 1812, 364 (1964)
  12. Ranjana A., Physical-chemical analysis of some ground water sample of Kotputli Town Jaipur, Rajastan, International Journal of chemical, environmental and pharmaceutical research., 1(2), 111-113 (2010)
  13. Mittal S.K., Rao sigh, R.L. and Kumar, Groundwater quality of some areas in Patiala city, Indian J Environ Hlth., 36, 51-53 (1994)
  14. Gopalkrushna M.H., Assessment of physic-chemical status of ground water samples in Akot city., Res. J. Chem. Sci., 1(4), 117-124 (2010)
  15. Devi S. and R. Premkumar, Physico-chemical analysis of ground water sample near Industrial area, Cuddalore district, Tamilnadu, India, Int. J. ChemTech Res., 4(1), 29-34 (2012)
  16. Meena B.S. and Bhargava N., Physico-chemical characteristic of ground water of some villages of Rajastan state, India., RASAYAN J.Chem., 5(4), 438-444 (2012)
  17. Rabinove C.L., Longford R.H. and Brookhart J.W., Saline water resources of north Dakota, US Geological Surve, Water Supply Paper, 1428, 72 (1958)
  18. Ananthakrishnan S. and Jafar Ahamed A., Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Ground Water of Alathur Block –Perambalur, Tamilnadu, India, J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 4(1), 596-600 (2012)
  19. Bundela P.S., Sharma A., Pandey A.K., Pandey P. and Awasthi A.K., Physicochemical analysis of ground water near municipal solid waste dumping sites in Jabalpur, Int. J. Plant, Animal. Env. Sci., 2(1), 217-222 (2012)
  20. Murray J.J., A history of water fluoridation, British Dental Journal, 134, 250 254, 299–302, 347–350 (1973)
  21. Chaturvedi A.K., Yadava K.P., Yadava K.C., Pathak K.C. and Singh V.N., Defluoridation of water by adsorption on fly ash. Water, Air Soil Poll., 49, 51–61 (1990)
  22. Ando M., Tadano M., Yamamoto S., Tamura K., Asanuma S. and Watanabe T., Health effects of fluoride pollution caused by coal burning. The Sci. Total Environ., 271, 107–116 (2001)
  23. Khaiwal R. and Garg V.K., Distribution of fluoride in groundwater and its suitability assessment for drinking purpose, Int. J. Environ. Hlth. Res., 16, 163-166 (2006)
  24. Haloi V. and Sarma H.P., Seasonal distribution of physico- chemical parameters of groundwater of Barpeta District, Assam, India, Scholars Res. Lib. Arch. Appl. Sci. Res., 3(6), 107-113 (2011)
  25. Raju M.H. and Puttaiah E.T., Seasonal variation of physico-chemical properties of ground water along the Vrushabhavathi river sream, Int. J. Innov. Res. Sci. Engg. Technol., 1(1), (2012)
  26. Bernard E. and Ayeni N., Physico-chemical analysis of groundwater samples of Bichi local government area of Kano state of Nigeria, ARPN J. Sci. Technol.,2, 2225-7212 (2012)
  27. Sivasankaran M.A., Reddy S.S. and Ramesh R., Geochemical characteristic of ground water in Pondicherry region, India. Ind. Assoc. Environ. Manage, 32(2), 96-114 (2005)
  28. Rao V.S., Prasanthi S., Jagarlapudi V., Shanmukha K. and Prasad R.S.K., Physicochemical analysis of water samples of Nujendla area in Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India, Int. J. Chemtech. Res., 4 (2); 691-699 (2012)
  29. Dhanya D., Impacts of dyeing effluents on the groundwater quality and on the soil microorganisms in Tiruppur. M.Sc., Dissertation, Bharathiar University, 43 (2004)
  30. Rout C. and Sharma A., Assessment Of Drinking Water Quality: A Case Study Of Ambala Cantonment Area, Haryana, India, Int. J. Env. Sci., 2(2), 933-945 (2011)