9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Study of physicochemical and Microbiological quality of Oued Bouskoura: Peri-Urbain of Casablanca, Morocco

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratory of Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences Ben Sik, University Hassan II-Mohammedia, Casablanca, MOROCCO
  • 2 Laboratory of Microbiology and Hygiene of Food and Environment, Institute Pasteur of Morocco, Casablanca, MOROCCO

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (5), Pages 60-66, May,22 (2014)

Abstract

Monitoring of physicochemical and bacteriological parameters was studied at six sampling sites located along the Oued Bouskoura from its source to downstream. The study of various water pollution parameters during the period 2011-2012 showed the vulnerability of the water of the river against the pollution from waste water. Results showed that physicochemical properties of the water were closely related with the distribution of coliforms. Principal component analysis (PCA) shows a strong correlation between the parameters of organic pollution (Pt, PO, NH, NO, COD and BOD 5) and fecal contamination (CT, CF, SF). Thus, it has highlighted on the one hand, the degradation of downstream water quality of the river with a strong organic pollution accompanied by fecal contamination caused by discharges of the industrial zone Lissassfa and Nassim agglomerations. On the other hand, the natural mineralization of the Oued Bouskoura waters was confirmed by high levels (EC, Sal, Cl, SO). The monitoring of the parameters of fecal contamination, total coliforms (TC), fecal coliforms (FC), fecal streptococci (FS) shows that the bacterial load of these germs largely exceeds water intended for irrigation guidelines of the World Health Organization's (WHO).

References

  1. Rajiv P., Hasna Abdul Salam, Kamaraj M., Rajeshwari Sivaraj and Sankar A., Physico Chemical and Microbial Analysis of Different River Waters in Western Tamil Nadu, India, I. Res. J. Environmen Sci.,1(1), 2-6 (2012)
  2. Tazi O., Fahde A., El Younoussi S., Impact de la pollution sur l’unique réseau hydrographique de Casablanca -Maroc. Sécheresse, 12, 129-34 (2001)
  3. Afnor, Recueil de normes françaises : La qualité de l’eau. Tome 4 : 128 (1999)
  4. Hachemi Rachedi L., Amarchi H., Impact of urban waste water reject on the quality of watercourse, Case of Oued Meboudja EST OF ALGERIA, Energy Procedia,18, 587–593 (2012)
  5. Abouelouafa M., El Halouani H., Kharboua M. et Berrichi A., Caractérisation physico-chimique et bactériologique des eaux usées brutes de la ville d’Oujda: canal principal et Oued Bounaïm, Actes Inst. Agron. Vet. (Maroc), 22(3), 143-150 (2002)
  6. Fouad S., Chlaida M., Belhouari A., Hajjami K. et Cohen N., Qualité bactériologique et physique des eaux de l’Oued Hassar (Casablanca, Maroc): Caractérisation et analyse en Composantes principales, Les technologies de laboratoire, , N°30 (2013)
  7. El Ouali Alami A., Merzouki M., El Hillali O., Maniar S., Ibnsouda Koraichi S., Pollution des eaux de surface de la ville de Fès au Maroc : typologie, origine et conséquences, Larhyss Journal, ISSN 1112-3680, n° 09, Décembre, 55-72 (2011)
  8. Jesu A., Prabudoss Kumar L., Kandasamy K. and Dheenadayalan M.S., Environmental Impact of Industrial Effluent in Vaigai River and the Ground Water in and around the River at Anaipatti of Dindigul Distt, Tamil Nadu, India, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 2(4), 34-38 (2013)
  9. Shivayogimath C.B., Kalburgi P.B., Deshannavar U.B. and Virupakshaiah D.B.M., Water Quality Evaluation of River Ghataprabha, India, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences,1(1), 12-18 (2012)
  10. Makhoukh M., Sbaa M., Berrahou A., Van Clooster M., Contribution a l’étude physico-chimique des eaux superficielles de l’Oued Moulouya (Maroc oriental),Larhyss Journal, n° 09 : 149-169 (2011)
  11. Badri A., Maazouzi A., Kabour A., Makhloufi A., Zahraoui B., Estimation of Pollution Load of Domestic Sewage to Oued Bechar (SW Algeria) and its Impact on the Microbiological Quality of Groundwater, Procedia Engineering,33, 261– 267 (2012)
  12. Thorat Prerana B. and Charde Vijay N., Physicochemical Study of Kanhan River Water Receiving Fly Ash Disposal Waste Water of Khaperkheda Thermal Power Station, India,International Research Journal of Environment Sciences,2(9), 10-15 September (2013)
  13. Borrego A.F. et Romero P., Study of the microbiological pollution of a Malaga littoral area II. Relationship between fecal coliforms and fecal streptococci. VIe journée étud. Pollutions, Cannes, France, 561-569 (1982)
  14. Larif M., Soulaymani A., Hnach M. et El Midaoui A., Contamination spatio-temporelle d’origine hydrique de l’oued Boufekrane dans la région de Meknès-Tafilalt (Maroc), Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci., 7(1), 172-184 (2013)
  15. Chigbu P., Gordon S. and Strange T., Influence of inter-annual variations in climatic factors on fecal coliform levels in Mississippi sound, Water Research, 38, 4341–4352 (2004)
  16. Mayo A.W., Kalibbala M., Modelling faecal coliform mortality in water hyacinths ponds, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 32(15–18), 1212-1220 (2007)
  17. N’diaye A.D., Ould Kankou M. et Baidy L., «Contribution de l’ACP et les paramètres physiques dans l’évaluation des Coliformes Fécaux contenus dans les effluents de la STEP du périmètre maraicher de Sebkha, Nouakchott », ScienceLib Editions Mersenne: Volume 3, N ° 111113, ISSN 2111-4706 (2011)