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Environmental Impact Assessment on Soil Pollution Issue about Human Health

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Pacific Academy of Higher Education and Research University, Udaipur, Raj., INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (11), Pages 78-81, November,22 (2014)

Abstract

Soils are formed by the decomposition of rock and organic matter over many years. Soil properties vary from place to place with difference in bedrock composition, climate and other factors. Certain chemical elements occur naturally in soils as components of minerals, yet may be toxic at some concentration. Other potentially harmful substance may be end up in soils through human activities. Soil contamination may be responsible for health effects costing millions of Euros, but studies to quantify the true cost are in their infancy. Health problems from cancer (Arsenic, Asbestos, Dioxins), to neurological damage and lower IQ (Lead, Arsenic), kidney disease (Lead, Mercury. Cadmium). Heavy metals and persistent organic chemical are of particular concern. Human activity introduces heavy metals (Such as Cd, As, Hg etc) to our soils through mining, smelting, industry, agriculture and burning fossil fuels.

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