6th International Virtual Congress (IYSC-2020) And Workshop. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Physico-Chemical Characteristics of a Fresh Water Lake Koppa, Bhadravathi Taluk, Shimoga District, Karnataka, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of P.G Studies and Research in Botany, Karnataka State Women’s University-Bijapur, 586109, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Botany and Seed Technology, Sahyadri Science College (Autonomous), Kuvempu University, Shivamogga, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 3, Issue (11), Pages 52-56, November,22 (2014)

Abstract

This investigation was carried out in fresh water lake Koppa; it belongs to the largest lake of Bhadravathi taluk of Shimoga district. The one year analysis of physico-chemical characters of lake water revealed that Koppa is moderately polluted. Lake is mainly dependence on irrigation, domestic and aqua culture. A total of 23 physico-chemical parameters were analyzed; bicarbonates, total alkalinity, total hardness, chlorides, calcium, sodium and free carbon dioxide were comparatively high to potassium, phosphate, nitrates, nitrites and iron. The water have affordable levels of Dissolved oxygen (DO), PH, Conductivity, Total dissolved solids and Water temperature. The carbonates were shown nil throughout the sampling periods and biological oxygen demand (BOD) were less, it indicated that water body was so biologically not as much of polluted.

References

  1. Peter S.N., Bricker O. and Kenned Y.M., Water quality trends and geochemical mass balance, John Willy and Sons, 139-170 (1997)
  2. APHA (American Public Health Association), AWWA, WEF. [For the Examination of Water and waste water] standard methods Book 20th Edition Washington, DC, (1995)
  3. Sexena M.M., Environmental Analysis : Water, Soil and Air Sed. Ed. Agro Botanical Publishers, India, (1990)
  4. Bhasin S.K and Sudha Rani., Laboratory Manual on Engineering Chemistry (water analysis), 15th Edition. Dhanpat Rai Publishing Company, New Delhi, 95-97 (2004)
  5. Jayaraman P.R., Ganga Devi T. and Nayar Vasudevan T., Water quality studies on Karamana River, Thiruvananthapuram district, South Kerala, Ind. Pollut. Res., 22, 89- 100 (2003)
  6. Tiwari S., Dixit S. and Gupta S.K., An evaluation of various physico-chemical parameters in surface waters of Shahpura late, Bhopal, Pollut. Res,23, 829-832 (2004)
  7. Zafer A.R., Certain aspects of distribution pattern of phytoplankton in the lake of Hyderabad In: Proc.Sym.on Recent Advances in Tropical Ecology., Varanasi, India, 368-375 (1968)
  8. Gupta M.C and Sharma L.L., Diel variation in select water quality parameters and zooplankton in a shallow pond of Udaipur, Rajasthan, J. Ecobiol, 5, 139-142 (1993)
  9. George J.P., Aquatic Ecosystem: Structure, Degradation, Strategies for Management. Recent Advances in Exobiological Research, M. P (Ed). A.P.H. Publ. House, New Delhi, 603 (1997)
  10. Khadsan R.E., Mangesh V and Kadu V., Drinking Water Quality Analysis of Some Bore Wells Water of Chikhli town, Maharastra, J. Indus. Poll. Cont., 20, 31-36 ( 2003)
  11. Singh D.N., Evaluation of physico-chemical parameters in Ox-Bow Lake, Geobios, 27,120-124 (2000)
  12. Venkateswarlu V., An ecological study of the algae in the river Moosi, Hyderabad (India) with special reference to water pollution, I. Physico-chemical complexes, Hydrobiologia., 33, 117-143 (1969)
  13. Manikya Reddy P., Ecological studies in the river Tungabhadra (A.P) with special reference to the effect of paper mill effluents on the river, Ph.D.Thesis, Osmania University, Hyderabad, (1984)
  14. Baruah B.K, Talukdar S. and Brotholcur C.R., Water Quality of Ponds in Chadrapur Area of Kamrup Dist., Assam, Env. Eco and Con.,16, 254256 (1984)