10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Sediment Quality and Seasonal Variation of Trace Metal in Tamirabarani Estuary, East Coast of Tamilnadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Earth Sciences, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar Tamilnadu, INDIA
  • 3Department of Geology, Government College, Kariavattam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 17-23, August,22 (2013)


The physical parameters and heavy metals along the tributaries of Tamirabarani River are studied. Nearly sixteen water and sediment samples are collected along the tributaries in and around Mukkani and river mouth. Physical parameters like pH (7.8-9.5), Ec, (468-27950), TH (40-5920), TDS (303-33050) and trace metals in sediment samples like Cu(2.2-59.89 g g-1), Ni (1.88-70.59 g g-1),Cr (6.67-145.5 g g-1), Cd (1.41-19.26 g g-1), Pb,(3.48-46.05 g g-1) and zinc (9.3-81.12 g -1). The constant variation of metals in sediment and water samples is due to the linking of industrial and un-classified anthropogenic influences. The combined and collective consequences go in front to a serious risk to the entire estuarine environment.


  1. McKnight D.M., Kimball B.A. and Bencala K.E., Iron photo reduction and oxidation in acidic mountain stream, Science,240, 637640 (1988)
  2. Fuller C.C. and Davies J.A., Influence of coupling of sorption and photosynthesis processes on trace element cycle in natural water, Nature,340, 52-54 (1989)
  3. Forstener U. and Wittman G.T.W., Metal pollution in aquatic environment. Springer Verlag, New York, (1979)
  4. Milliman J.D. and Meade R.H., Worldwide delivery of river sediments to the oceans, J. Geol., 91, 121 (1983)
  5. Nyangababo J.T. and Henry E., Omutange, Lead, Cadmium, Copper, Manganese and Zinc in wetland water of Victoria lake Basin, East Africa, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 70, 792-799 (2555)
  6. Sekabira K., Origa H.O., Basamba T.A., Mutumba G. and Kakulidi E., Assessment of heavy metal pollution in the urban stream sediments and its tributaries, Int. J. Sci. Tec., 7(3), 435446 (2010)
  7. Magesh N.S., Chandarasekar N. and Vetha Roy D., Spatial analysis of trace element contamination in sediments of Tamirabarani estuary, southeast coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science,92, 618-628 (2011)
  8. APHA, American Public Health Association manual, Standard methods for examination of water and waste management, 15theditionAWWA-APCF Washinton, D C 2005, USA (1995)
  9. Praveena S.M., Ahmed A., Radojevic M., Abdullah M.H. and Aris A.Z., Factor-cluster analysis and enrichment study of mangrove sediments-an example from Mengkabong, Sabah, Malaysian, J. Anal. Sci., 11(2), 421-43 (2007)
  10. Shetye S.S., Sundhakar M., Mohan R. and Tyagi, Implications of organic carbon, trace elemental and Ca Co3 variation in a sediment core from the Arabian sea, Indian journal of Marine Sciences,38, 432-438 (2009)
  11. Palanichamy S. and Rajendran A., Heavy metal concentration in seawater and sediments of Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay, Southeast coast of India, Ind. J.Mar.Sci., 29, 116-119 (2000)
  12. Patil Shilpa G., Chonde Sonal G., Jadhav Aasawari S. and Raut Prakash D., Impact of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Shivaji University lakes on Phytoplankton Communities, Kolhapur, India, Research Journal of Recent Sciences,1(2),56-60 (2012)
  13. Murhekar Gopalkrushna Haribhau, Trace Metals Contamination of Surface Water Samples in and Around Akot City in Maharashtra, India, Research Journal of Recent Sciences,1(7), 5-9 (2012)
  14. Horvath D.J., Trace elements and health In: Neuberne, P.M. (Ed). Trace Substances and Health, Marcell Dekker Incorporation, New York and Basel, 319-357 (1976)
  15. Sulochana B. and Muniyandi K., Hydrographic parameters off Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay during an year of abnormal rainfall, J.Mar. Biol. Ass. India,47(2), 198-200 (2005)
  16. Sudaramanickam A., Sivakumar T., Kumaran R., Ammaiappan V. and Velappan R., A comparative study of Physico-chemical investigation along Parangipettai and Cuddalore coast, Jour. Environ. Sci. Tech., 1(1), 1-10 (2008)
  17. Soundarapandian P., Premkumar T. and Dinakaran G.K., Studies on the Physico-chemical Characteristic and Nutrients in the Uppanar Estuary of Cuddalore, South East Coast of India, Curr. Res. J. Biol. Sci., 1(3), 102-105 (2009)
  18. Rajiv P., Hasna Abdul Salam, Kamaraj M., Rajeshwari Sivaraj and Sankar A., Physico Chemical and Microbial Analysis of Different River Waters in Western Tamil Nadu, India, Research Journal of Environment Sciences,1(1), 2-6 (2012)
  19. Dhembare A.J., Gungal B.S. and Pondhe G.M., Assessment of ground water quality in Kolar area Dist, Ahmednagar (M.S.) India, Eco. Enu and Con., 8(3), 293-295 (2002)
  20. Manimaran D., Groundwater Geochmistry Study Using GIS in and Around Vallanadu Hills,Tamilnadu, India, Research Journal of Recent Sciences,1(7), 52-58 (2012)
  21. Jonathan M.P., Sarkar S.K., Roy P.D., Alam M.A., Chatterjee M., Bhattacharya B.D., Bhattacharya A. and Satpathy K.K., Acid leachable trace metals in sediment cores from Sunderban Mangrove wetland, India: an approach towards regular monitoring, Ecotoxicology,19, 405-418 (2010)
  22. Kumerasan S., Vinithkumar N.V., Balasubramanian T. and Subramanian A.N., Trace metals (Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu) in sediments from the Gulf of Mannar region, southeast coast of India, Ind. Jour. of Marine Sciences,27, 256-258 (1998)
  23. Larsen P.F., Marine Environmental quality of Gulf marine, Rev. Aquatic Sci., 6(1), 6787 (1992)
  24. Bothner M.H., Buchholtzten B.M., Manheim F.T., Metals in surface sediments of Boston harbor changes with time, Marine Environmental Research,45, 17-155 (1998)
  25. Fukushima K., Saino T. and Kodama Y., Trace metal contamination in Tokyo bay, Japan, Science of the Total Environment, 125, 373-389 (1992)
  26. Ramanathan A.L., Subramaniam V., Ramesh R., Chidambaram S. and James A., Environmental geochemistry of the Pichavaram mangrove ecosystem (Tropical), southeast coast of India, Environmental Geology, 37, 223-233 (1999)
  27. Ranjan R.K., Ramanathan A.L., Singh G. and Chidambaram S., Assessment of metal enrichments in tsunamigenic sediments of Pichavaram mangroves, Southeast coast of India, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 147, 389-411(2008)
  28. Sarin M.M., Borole D.V. and Krishnaswami S., Geochemistry and geochronology of sediments from the Bay of Bengal and the equatorial Indian Ocean, Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, 88, 131-154 (1979)
  29. Raj S.M. and Jayaprakash M., Distribution and enrichment of trace metals in marine sediments of Bay of Bengal, off Ennore, south-east coast of India, Environmental Geology, 56, 207-217 (2007)
  30. Bindu S., Krishankumar P.K., Prema D., Kaladharan P., Valsala K.K., Bhat G.S. and Muniyandi K., Trace metal contamination of the marine environment in Palk bay and Gulf of Mannar, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India,49, 12-18 (2007)
  31. Kannan R., Ganesan M., Govindasamy C., Rajendran K., Sampath P. and Kannan L., Tissue of heavy metals in seagrasses of the Palk bay, Bay of Bengal, International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 18, 29-34 (1992)
  32. Govindasamy C., Kannan L. and Azariah J., Trace metal distribution in sediments of the Coromandel Coast, Bay of Bengal. In: Iyer, C.S.P. (Ed.), Advances in Environmental Sciences, Educational Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, 53-62 (1997)
  33. Hema A., Richardmohan D., Srinivasalu S. and Selvaraj K., Trace metals in the sediment cores of estuary and tidal zones between Chennai and Pondicherry, along the east coast of India, Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 31, 141-149 (2002)
  34. Ramesh R. and Subramanian V., Temporal, spatial and size variation in the sediment transport of Krishna River Basin, India, Journal of Hydrology, 98, 53-65 (1988)
  35. Ananthan G., Ganesan M., Sampathkumar P., Mathevanpillai M. and Kannan L., Distribution of trace metals in water, sediment and plankton of the Vellar estuary, Seaweed Research and Utilization,15, 69-75 (1992)