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Lead Effects on Health

Author Affiliations

  • 1AISECT University, Bhopal, MP, INDIA
  • 2MANIT, Bhopal, INDIA
  • 3MGCG University, Chitrakoot, Satna, MP, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 83-87, August,22 (2013)


Lead is a highly poisonous metal affecting almost every organ and system in the body and introduced by transportation and other developmental activities. It is one of the oldest established poisons. Knowledge of its general toxic effects stretches back three millennia. Depending upon the exposure levels, lead is said to have both mild and adverse effects on the central and peripheral nervous systems, growth and development, cognitive development, behavior, hearing, sight, movement and muscular activities and digestive, excretory and cardiovascular systems. At the extreme, lead poisoning can even cause death of the individuals affected by it. An attempt has been made through this article to throw light on various sources of lead toxicity and its effects on human health based on the past work done in this area.


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