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Review on Production of Ethanol from Bassia Latifolla

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Govt. Polytechnic, Yavatmal, MS, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 75-78, August,22 (2013)

Abstract

The forest and non-forest area have wonderful multiple utility tree of Bassia Latifolla. It is large tree occurring in deciduous and moist deciduous forest of India. It is also known as Madhuca Indica. The tree gives flowers which are fermented and distilled to produce liquor. It is used by the local tribal people for all festive occasion besides daily consumption. The dried flowers are also consumed as food by mixing it with flour and baking bread. The flowers are sweet and have glucose and sucrose. Ethanol has attracted considerable attentions as a motor fuels to the success of the Brazilian proalcohol program initiated in 1975 as a response to the global oil crisis of the 1970. despite the technical successes of this program around one third of Brazil 12 million cars are powered by ethanol fuel the high cost of producing has required large direct and indirect subsidies amounting to over US $1.00 billion per annum in one of the two forms 95% mixture with water known as hydrous or hydrated ethanol and a 99.5 % mixture with benzene known as anhydrous or absolute ethanol fuel grade ethanes as produced in Brazil is manufactured by distillation. Generally, ethanol produced from fermented feed stock as sorghum, citrus molasses, corn, sugarcane. But Bassia Latifolla flower an important new source of ethanol production and so many other by products. The characteristic of ethanes as motor vehicle fuels are contrasted with those of conventional gasoline’s and diesel fuels. The implication of physical and chemical differences of these fuels for motor vehicle design and emissions are discussed. A number of possible air quality impacts are examined including changes in ozone, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter, and toxic compounds. Recent government actions have also encouraged the productions and use of alcohols as fuels.

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