6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Impact of Human Activities on the Quality of Groundwater from Sangamner Area, Ahmednagar District, Maharashtra, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Sangamner Nagarpalika Arts, D.J. Malpani Commerce and B.N. Sarda Science College, Sangamner, Dist. Ahmednagar, MS, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (8), Pages 66-74, August,22 (2013)

Abstract

Groundwater is liable to contamination through anthropogenic and other sources like use of chemical pesticides, addition of industrial waste, domestic and agricultural waste to the water bodies. During last decades, it has been observed that the groundwater gets polluted drastically because of increased human activities. Consequently, the numbers of cases of water born diseases have been seen causing health hazard. The study has been carried out to assess the impact of human activities on the quality of groundwater of Sangamner area, Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra. 21 groundwater samples were collected along the Pravara River and assessed the physico chemical parameters such as P, EC, TDS, TH, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na, K+, HCO, SO2- and NO. The geochemical characteristics of groundwater have been found to be dominated by Ca+Mg &

References

  1. Deshpande S.M., Aher K.R., Gaikwad G.D., Assessment of groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking uses in Warora Tahsil district Chandrapur, India, International J. of Recent Trends in Science and Technology,4(3), 120-124 (2012)
  2. Bharati P.K., Groundwater pollution, Biotech Books, New Delhi, 25 (2012)
  3. Schot P.P. and J. Vander Waal, Human Impact on Regional groundwater composition through intervention in natural flow patterns and changes in land use, J. Hydrology,134, 297-213 (1992)
  4. Brane Maticis, Impact of agriculture on groundwater quality in Slovenja, Agricultural water management,40, 235-247 (1999)
  5. Pawar N.J., Pondhe G.M. and Patil S.F., Groundwater pollution due to sugar mill effluents at Sonai, Maharashtra, Env. Geology,34(1998)
  6. Subu M.Mal, Haddad M, Mizyed N. and Mizyed I, Impact of irrigation with water containing heavy metals on soil and groundwater A simulation study, Water, Air and Soil pollution,146, 141-152 (2003)
  7. Yang Gao, Guirui Yu, Chunyan Luo and Pei Zhou, Groundwater nitrogen pollution and Assessment of its Health Risks: A case study of a typical village in Rural Urban continuum, China, PLOS ONE, (4), e33982, 1-8 (2012)
  8. Ullah Rizwan, Malik R.N. and Qudir Abdul, Assessment of groundwater contamination in an industrial city, Sialkot, Pakistan, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology,3 (12), 429-446 (2009)
  9. Sahu Ruchi., Gupta N., Agrwal, Sharma S., Kalpana S., Impact of agricultural practices on groundwater quality of few villages of Ladpura Tehsil, Kota district, Rajasthan, Int J. Chem Sci. 9 (3), 1261 -1270 (2011)
  10. Deshmukh K.K., Impact of irrigation on the Chemistry soil and groundwater from Sangamner area, Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Pune(2001)
  11. Rakib Uddin M., The natural environment of Pravara River basin and its impact on land utilization, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Pune,(1984)
  12. Deshmukh K.K., The Chemistry of groundwater in Sangamner area with regard to their suitability for drinking purposes, Rasayan J. Chem., 4 (4), 770-779 (2011)
  13. APHA, AWWA and WPCF, Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 19th Edition, American Public Health Association (1995)
  14. Kushwah R.K., Malik S, Mujumdar K and Bajpai A, A Wastewater quality studies of inlet and outlet at municipal waste water treatment plant at Bhopal, Int. J. Chem Sci,10 (2), 993-1000 (2012)
  15. Ahmed Izhar, Rao TVD Prasad, Reddy Nagi and Satyanarayanan M., Hydrogeochemistry of ground water around municipal solid waste dumping site in Hyderabad City, India, Oriental J. of Chemistry,27 (4), 1665-1670 (2011)
  16. WHO, sodium, chlorides and conductivity in drinking water: Report on a WHO working Group, Copenhegan, Euro Reports and Studies No.2 (1979)
  17. Pawar N.J., Geochemistry of Carbonate precipitation from the groundwater in basaltic aquifers, an equilibrium thermodynamic approach, J. Geol. Soc. of India,41, 119-131 (1993)
  18. Sravanthi K and Sudarshan V., Geochemistry of groundwater Nacharam Industrial area, Ranga Reddy district, Environmental Geochemistry,1(2), 81-88 (1998)
  19. Ramesh, R., Impacts of landuse change on groundwater quality, Oxford and IBH Publ. Co., New Delhi, 44-55 (1999)
  20. Huneey J.E., Keiter E.A. and Keiter R.L., Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd edition (2001)
  21. Pawar, N. J., Groundwater quality and management: Unit 6, 7: in Hydrology and Groundwater Development: ET532, IGNOU Publication (1996)
  22. Indian Standard Drinking water specification IS 1050-1991 (Reaffirmed 2009)
  23. Hem, J.D., Study and interpretation of chemical characteristics of natural waters, U. S. Geol. Surv. water supply paper No. 2254 (1991)
  24. Miller, J.C., Nitrate contamination of the water table aquifer by septic tank system in the coastal plain of Delaware: paper presented at the Rural Env. Conference, Warren, (V.T.) (1979)
  25. Nikumbh, J.D., Geochemistry of groundwaters from Behedi Basin, district Nasik, Maharashtra, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Pune(1997)
  26. Bheshdadia B.M., Kundariya D. S. and Patil P.K., Physico chemical analysis of Bore wells, drinking water in Morbi Malia Territor, Oriental Journal of Chemistry, 27 (2), 685-689 (2011)
  27. Jain C.K., Sharma M.K. and Omkar, Indian J. Env. Protection17 (6), 401-405 (1997)
  28. Komar, S.C. and Anderson, H.W., Nitrogen isotopes as indicators of nitrate source in Minnesota sand Plain aquifers, Groundwater,31 (2), 250-270 (1993)
  29. Hill, A.R., Nitrate distribution in the groundwater of the Alliston region of Ontario, Canada, Groundwater,20(6), 696-702 (1982)
  30. Pawar N.J. and Shaikh I.J., Nitrate pollution of groundwaters from shallow basaltic aquifers, Deccan Trap Hydrologic Province India, Environmental Geology,25,197-204 (1995)
  31. Deshmukh K.K., Ground water quality evaluation with special reference to nitrate pollution in the Sangamner area, Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India, Water Pollution XI, 79, WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment, London, 164, (2012)
  32. Obeidt M.M., Massadeh A.M., Al Ajlouni A.M., Athamnesh F.S., Analysis and Evalution of nitrate levels in groundwater at Al Hashimiya area, Jordan, Environ Monit Assess,135, 745-486 (2007)
  33. Forman D., Al Dabbagh, Doll R, Nitrates, Nitrites and gastric cancer in Great Britain, Nature,313, 620-625 (1985)
  34. Payne M.R. Farm Waste and nitrate pollution in Jones J.G, ed. Agriculture and Environment, New York, 63-73 (1993)
  35. Mackinnon A.V., Taylor S.H., Relationship between Sudden Coronary deaths and drinking water, International J. of epidemiology,9 (3), 247 -249 (1980)
  36. Salama R.B., Otto C.J. and Fitzpatrick R.W., Contributions of groundwater conditions to soil and water salinisation, J. Hydrology,7, 46-64 (1998)
  37. Piper M., A graphic procedure in the geochemical interpretation of water analysis, U.S. Geol. Surv. Groundwater,12, 50-59 (1953)