6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Phytoplankton as a Tool of Biomonitoring of Behlol Nullah, Jammu (J&K), India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Zoology, University of Jammu, Jammu-180006, (J&K), INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 54-60, May,22 (2013)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study that was conducted to determine the seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton population and nutrient status of water in Behlol nullah (Jammu). A total of 49 species belonging to four different groups (Euglenophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae and Cynophyceae) were recorded during the study period with a maxima in the winter season followed by summer and then monsoon. Percentage distribution of Euglenophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae and Cynophyceae individuals to total phytoplanktonic population were calculated. Heavily polluted sites exhibited lower phytplankton diversity and abundance as compared to least polluted sites. Shannon diversity and Marglef’s species richness was highest at St. 1 while Simpson’s dominance and Pielou’s evenness was maximum at St. 4 and St. 5 respectively. Highest value of Sorenson’s similarity was recorded between St. 3and St. 4 while Morisita Horn similarity was maximum between St. 1 and St. 3. Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data. Enlistment of higher concentration of Spirogyra sps. Stigeoclonium sps. and Oscillatoria species in the study area indicates organic pollution in the Behlol nullah which is mainly due to industrialization, domestic sewage and human activities which in course would finish the water body. A proper biological and chemical treatment of domestic sewage and industrial effluents before discharge to Behlol Nullah is, therefore suggested.

References

  1. Das M. and Panda T., Water Quality and Phytoplankton Population in Sewage Fed River of Mahanadi, Orissa, India, Journal of Life Sciences,2(2), 81-85 (2010)
  2. Sawhney N.,Biomonitoring of river Tawi in the vicinity of Jammu city, Ph. D. thesis, University of Jammu, Jammu (2008)
  3. Ward H.D. and Whipple G.C., Freshwater biology, 2nd edition, John wiley and Sons. Inc., New York, (1959)
  4. Jyoti M.K. and Sehgal H.S., Rotifer fauna of Jammu (J&K), India, Part I. Loricates, Limnologica (Berlin), (1921)121-126 (1980)
  5. Adoni A.D., Workbook on Limnology, Pratibha Publishers, C–10 Gour Nagar, Sagar, India (1985)
  6. Pennak R.W., Fresh-water invertebrates of the United States (Second Edition), John Wiley and sons, New York, 803 (1989)
  7. Edmondson W.T., Fresh-water Biology, W.T.T. Edmondson (Editor). International books and periodicals supply service 24 B/5, Desh bandhu Gupta Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi–110005 (1992)
  8. Welch P.S., Limnology. Mc Graw Hill Book Company, New York, 538 (1952)
  9. A.P.H.A., Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association and Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, D.C., 1198 (1985)
  10. I.S.I., For sampling and test (Physical and Chemical) for water used in Industry, Indian, Standard Institute, Manak Bhawan, 9, New Delhi (1973)
  11. Shannon C.E. and Weaver W., The mathematical theory of communication, University of Illinois, Press, Urbana, II (1949)
  12. Stone J.E. and Pence D.B., Ecology of helminth parasitism in the bobcat from West Texas, Journal of Parasitology, (64)295-302 (1978)
  13. Marglef R., Perspectives in ecological theory, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, II (1968)
  14. Pielou E.C., 1969, An introduction to mathematical ecology, John Wiley,New York (1969)
  15. Sorensen, T., A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species content and its application analyses of the vegetation on Danish commons, Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab Biologiske Skrifter, (5) 1-34 (1948)
  16. Wolda H., Spatial and temporal variations in abundance of tropical animals, The tropical rainforest: Ecology and Management T.C. Whitmore A.C. Chadwick and S.L. Sutton eds., Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, U.K., 93-105 (1983)
  17. Tilekar B.B., Dhamak R.M., Theurkar S.V., Ghadage M.K. and Patil S.B., Study of Different Parameters of Manmade Mohari Reservoir from Pathardi Tahsil, MS, India, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 2(3), 24-27 (2013)
  18. Ahmed A., Ecological studies of the river Padma at Mawa Ghat, Munshiganj. Physico-chemical properties, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7 (11), 1865-1869 (2004)
  19. Rani R., Gupta B.K. and Shrivastava K.B.L., Studies on water quality assessment in Satna city (M.P.), Seasonal parametric variations, Nature envi. and Poll. Tech., 3(4), 563-565 (2004)
  20. Chinnaiah B., Madhu V. and Babu R.M., Physico-chemical characterstics of Khajana and Darmasagar lakes, in Adilabad, Andhra Pradesh, India, International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Sciences,2(4), 674-676 (2011)
  21. Shivayogimath C.B., Kalburgi P.B., Deshannavar U.B. and Virupakshaiah D.B.M., Water Quality Evaluation of River Ghataprabha, India, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 1(1), 12-18 (2012)
  22. Singh M.R. and Gupta A., Seasonal variations in certain physico-chemical parameters of Imphal, Irial and Thoubal rivers from Manipur river system, India, Eco. Env. and Cons., 16(2), 197-207 (2010)
  23. Annalakshmii, G. and Amsath, A., An assessment of water quality of River Cauvery and its tributaries Arasalar with reference to physico-chemical parameters at Tanjore DT, Tamilnadu, India, International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharamaceutical Technology, 3(1), 325-335 (2012)
  24. Sharma S.P., Studies on the impact of anthropogenic influences on the ecology of Gharana wetland, Jammu, Ph. D. thesis, University of Jammu, Jammu (2002)
  25. awhney N., Limnology of Ban-Ganga with special reference to some consumers inhabiting the stream, M. Phil. Dissertation, University of Jammu, Jammu (2004)
  26. Kour S., Studies on the impact of tourism on stream Ban Ganga and the indwelling micro and macro organisms, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Jammu, Jammu (2006)
  27. Kaul V., Effect of industrial wastes and domestic sewage on abiotic and biotic (Macrobenthic invertebrates and fish) components of Behlol nullah, Jammu, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Jammu, Jammu (2000)
  28. Abdel-Satar A.M., Water quality assessment of river Nile from IDFO to Cairo, Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 31(2), 200-223 (2005)
  29. Khan A.A. and Siddiqui A.Q., Seasonal change in the limnology of a perennial fish pond at Aligarh, Indian J. Fish, 21, 463-478 (1974)
  30. Wetzel R.G., Limnology: Lakes and Rivers, 3rd edition, Academic Press; A Harcourt Science and Technology Company, 525B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, California, 1000 (2001)
  31. Zafar A.R., On the ecology of algae in certain fish ponds of Hyderabad, India, The biotope, Hydrobiologia,25(1), 127-162 (1964)
  32. Singh M.R., Gupta A. and Beeteswari K.H., Physico-chemical properties of water samples from Manipur river system, India, J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage,14(4), 85-89 (2010)
  33. Shinde S.E., Pathan T.S., Raut K.S. and Sonawane D.L, Studies on physico-chemical parameters and correlation coefficient of Harsool-Savangi Dam, Aurangabad, India. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 8(3), 544-554 (2011)
  34. Trivedy R.K., Water quality of Dhom reservoir Maharashtra, India, In: Mishra, P.C. and R.K. Trivedi (eds), Ecology and pollution of Indian Lakes and Reservoirs, Ashish publishing House, New Delhi, 3470 (1993)
  35. Gochhait B.C., Studies on limnological factors of river Buddhabalanga at Baripada (Orissa), Ph.D. Thesis, Bhagalpur University, Jammu (1991)
  36. Sushma S. Radhakrishnan T. and Bijukumar A., Distribution of plankton in Nila river, J. Inland Fish. Soc., 37(2), 75-79 (2005)
  37. Lund J.B., An investigation into the reliability of intended visitation behavior, Environment and Research Economics, (3), 183-191 (1993)
  38. Palmer C.M., Algae and water pollution. Castle House Publications Ltd., England, 123 (1980)
  39. 39.Round, F.E., The biology of algae. Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, 653 (1965)
  40. Shafiq M., Hydrology and economy valuation of fishery of Ranjit sagar reservoir, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Jammu, Jammu (2009)
  41. Uttah E.C., Uttah C., Akpan P.A., Ikpeme E.M., Ogbeche J., Usip L. and Asor J., Bio-survey of plankton as indicators of water quality for recreational activities in Calabar River, Nigeria, J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage., 12(2), 35-42 (2008)
  42. Simpson, E.H., Measurement of diversity, Nature, 163-688 (1949)
  43. Green, J., Diversity and dominance in planktonic rotifers, Hydrobiologia,(255/256), 345-352 (1993)
  44. Mathews, W. J., Fish faunal structure in an Ozark stream: stability, persistence and a catastrophic flood, Copeia, Washington, D.C., (2), 388-397 (1986)