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Investigation on Eutrophication of Taroda Nala at Nanded (India) through Physico-Chemical Analyses of Water and Composition of Planktonic Community within the Aquatic Ecosystem

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Shri Jagdishprasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University, Vidyanagari, Jhunjhunu-Churu Road, Chudela, Jhunjhunu District – 333001, Rajasthan, INDIA
  • 2 Post Graduate Department of Chemistry, Poona College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Camp Area, Pune – 411 001, MS, INDIA
  • 3Razak Institution of Skills, Education and Research, Shrinagar, Nanded – 431 605, MS, INDIA
  • 4 School of Earth Sciences, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Vishnupuri, Nanded – 431 606, MS, INDIA
  • 5National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune – 411 008, MS, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 39-48, May,22 (2013)

Abstract

The present paper embodies an investigation on chemical and physical quality parameters of water and the composition of phytoplankton and zooplankton community as related to eutrophication processes and their consequences in aquatic ecosystem of the study area. Experiments were carried out on samples from an oxbow canal (known locally in Hindi language as nala) at Taroda village of Nanded (India) and were analyzed and interpreted. This research work identified anthropogenic eutrophication as a key ecological problem for the Taroda nala. Results from phosphate concentration and the composition of planktons confirmed serious eutrophic condition. High dissolved solids, total hardness, calcium and magnesium hardness and ions like chloride and magnesium show deterioration of water quality. The percent composition of phytoplankton classes found in the water body in a descending order is: Chlorphyceae and Bacillariophyceae > Cyanophyceae > Zygnematophyceae > Flagilariophyceae > Ulvophyceae, Treboxiphyceae and Euglenoidea. The dominant trend of zooplankton in the present investigation is as follows: Bronchipoda > Maxillopoda and Monogononta > Ciliatea and Ostracoda. The physico-chemical analyses of water samples and the phytoplankton and zooplankton structures present within the water were correlated with pollution and eutrophication of Taroda nala.

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