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The effects of Heavy metals on Seed Germination and Plant Growth on Coccinia, Mentha and Trigonella Plant Seeds in Timmapuram, E.G. District, Andhra Pradesh, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, JNTU Kakinada, -533 003, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA MSN Degree College, Kakinada-533016, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 20-24, May,22 (2013)

Abstract

The present study deals with the effect of nickel and lead contaminated soil on growth and seed germination of Coccinia, Mentha and Trigonella plant Species were investigated in laboratory by conducting a general phytotoxicity test and growth inhibition assessment. Three Species of plants i.e., Coccinia (Coccinia indica - Cucurbitaceae), Mentha (Mentha viridis - lamiaceae) and Trigonella (Trigonella foenum-graecum – Fabaceae) were used in order to investigate plant’s ability to germinate and survive in a gradient of contaminated soil with heavy metals like Lead (Pb) and Nickel (Ni). The concentration of Nickel and Lead (Pb and Ni) used were in the range of 100, 300 and 500 ppm. The study reveals that the seedlings exposed to high concentration (500 and 3OOppm) of Nickel and Lead exhibited substantial growth reduction while the plant growth decreased progressively with increasing concentration of Nickel and Lead metals (Pb and Ni) in soil compared to those in unamended soil (Control).

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