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Screening of Antifungal Proteins from Plants of Cucurbitaceae family against Fusarium oxysporum: Potential as Biofungicides

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, RRC, Alwar (Rajasthan University), INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 90-96, May,22 (2013)

Abstract

Natural enemies like microbes and insects cause severe damage to the crops globally, resulting in a large economic loss. Plants of Cucurbitaceae family are known as the richest sources of carbohydrates, proteins, water and oil. Fusarium oxysporum causes the ‘fusarium wilt’ in the plants of this family and regarded as the major threat in growing cucurbits and thus, ensuing reduction in the total productivity of the crop. To overcome this problem, chemical fungicides are commonly spread over the crops which control the spreading of fungal diseases and subsequently increase the overall productivity. However, these synthetic chemicals are associated with various diseases and genetic disorders and are considered very lethal and risky for human beings, plants, animals and their environments. There are several proteins reported in the various plants with potential anti-fungal properties. We believe that these proteins can serve as useful resources for the formulation of future bio-fungicides which are natural, non-toxic and non-hazardous for us and our environment and surely merit over chemical fungicides. In this review, we have discussed about anti-fungal proteins reported in plants of Cucurbitaceae family which in near future, can be tested to get rid of ‘fusarium wilt’.

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