6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Determination of Water Quality Index in Industrial areas of Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, JNTU Kakinada, -533 003, AP, INDIA
  • 2 MSN Degree College, Kakinada-533016, AP, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (5), Pages 37-45, May,22 (2013)

Abstract

The present study intended to calculate Water Quality Index (WQI) of industrial areas of well water samples in Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India were monitored. The quality of bore waters was assessed by comparing with existing standards for important parameters. Water Quality Index calculated from thirteen parameters of physico-chemical parameters taken together varied from 49.52 - 123.54 ppm indicating level of nutrient load and pollution in the bore waters. Results of this study indicate that all the bore well waters of the study area are Permissible limit except S3, S4 and S6 (Valasapakala, Vakalapudi, and Nagarjuna nagar). The water was not conforming to drinking standards, and hence it is suggested to take all the necessary precautions before the waters are sent into public distribution system. It is concluded that WQI can be used as a tool in comparing the water quality of different source.

References

  1. Horton R.K., An index number system for rating water quality, Journal of Water Pollution. Cont. (1965)
  2. Ghosh A. and George J.P., Studies on the abiotic factors and zooplakton in a polluted urban reservoir Hussain Sagar, Hyderabad: Impact on water quality and Embryonic Development of Fishes, Indian J. Environ. Hlth.,.49-59 (1989)
  3. Chatterjee A.A., Water quality of Nandakanan lake, India., J. Environ. Hlth., 34 (4), 329-333 (1992)
  4. Water Quality Index Rating showing Rating showing Horton R.K., An index number system for rating water Journal of Water Pollution. Cont. Fed., 3, 300- 305 Ghosh A. and George J.P., Studies on the abiotic factors and zooplakton in a polluted urban reservoir Hussain Sagar, Hyderabad: Impact on water quality and Embryonic J. Environ. Hlth.,.31 (1),Chatterjee A.A., Water quality of Nandakanan lake, India., 4.Venkateswarlu V., Ecological studies on the rivers of Andhra Pradesh with special reference to water quality and pollution, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci(1993)
  5. Naik S. and Purohit K.M., Status of water quality at Bondamunda of Rourkela industrial Physico-Chemical Parameters, Environmental Protection., 18 (5),346-353(1998)
  6. Bhuvaneswararan N.G. and Rajeswari S., Water quality of river Adyar in Chennai city-The River a Boon or Bane, Indian J. Environ Prote., 19(16),412-415(1999)
  7. Chaterjee C. and Raziuddin M., Determination of water quality index (WQI) of a degraded river in Asanol Industrial area, Raniganj, Burdwan, West Bengal, Nature, Environment and pollution Technology.(2002)
  8. Gupta A. K., Gupta S.K. and Patil R.S.A., comparison of water quality indices for coastal waters, Heal., 38 (11), 2711-2725 (2003)
  9. Avvannavar S. M., and Shrihari S., Evaluation of water quality index for drinking purposes for river NetravanthMangalore, South India, Environ Monit Assess.,10.1007/s10661-007-9977-7, (2007)
  10. Umamheshwari S. and Anbu Sarayanan N., Water Quality of Cauvery River Basin Trichinappalli, India, 1-20 (2009)
  11. Siddaraju A.G., Prasad Devi. and Hosmani SAssessment of Water Quality using National Sanitation Foundation Water Quality Index (NSFWQI) for Madya Karnataka State India, IJLR., 4 (1),
  12. Sinha S.K., Potability of some rural ponds water at Muzaffarpur (Bihar) A note on water quality Pollution Research., 14 (1),135
  13. Naik S. and Purohit K.M., Physicosome community ponds of Rourkela, Environmental Protection., 16 (9),14.Iwuoha G.N. and Osuji L.C., Changes in SurfaPhysico-Chemical Parameters following the Dredging of Otamiri and Nworie Rivers, Imo State of Nigeria, Chem.Sci., 2 (3), 7-11 (2012)
  14. Iwuoha G.N. and Osuji L.C., Changes in Surfa Physico-Chemical Parameters following the Dredging of Otamiri and Nworie Rivers, Imo State of Nigeria, Chem.Sci., 2 (3), 7-11 (2012)
  15. Dhanesh Singh. and Ashok Kumar Jangde., Studies of Physico-Chemical Parameter of River BelgirinallaINDIA, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci.2(3),41-45(2013)
  16. BIS Analysis of Water Waste water, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi (1993)
  17. Shama S., Iffat N., Mohammad I. A. and Safia A., Monitoring of Physico-Chemical and Microbiological Analysis of Under Ground Water Samples of District Kallar Syedan, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, 30 (2011)
  18. Manimaran D.. Groundwater Geochemistry study Using GIS in and Around Vallanadu Hills, Tamil Nadu. India. Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(7), 52-58 (2012)
  19. Ranjan R., Water Quality Monitoring of Groundwater Resources around Sugar Factory, Near East-Weast Champaran Boarder, Bihar, India. Res. J. Recent Sci., 2(7),79-81 (2012)
  20. Kiran T., Bharati., Dipeeka K., Deshmukh., Dinkar T., Bharati. and Keshav K., Deshmukh., Physico-Chemical Determination of Pollution in Groundwater Sources in Sangamner Tahsil, 422605, Dist. Ahmednagar, MS, India, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci.,2 (3), 56-58, (2013)
  21. Vaishnav M.M. and Sahu Dineswari., Study of some physico-chemical characteristics of Hasdeo River water at Korba, Res. J. Chem. Sci., 1 (2), 140-142 (2006)
  22. United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 19th Edn., APHA (1995)
  23. Standard Method of examination of water and wastewater (21st Edition, APHA) (2005)
  24. ICMR, Manual of standards of quality for drinking water supplies. Indian council of Medical Research, Spe.Rep.No. 44:27, (1975)
  25. Naik S. and Purohit K.M., Status of water quality at Bondamunda of Rourkela industrial complex-Part - I: Physico-Chemical Parameters, IndianJournal of Environmental Protection., 18 (5), 346-353 (1998)
  26. Munawar M. Limnological studies on fresh water ponds of Hyderabad, India-II, J. Hydrobiologia., 35, 127-162 (1970)
  27. Abowei J.F.N., Salinity, Dissolved Oxygen, pH and surface Water Temperature conditions in Nkoro River, Niger Delta, Nigeria, Advance J. of Food Sci. and Tech.., 2 (1), 36-40 (2010)
  28. Parihar S.S., Kumar A., Kumar Ajay., Gupta R.N., Pathak Manoj, Shrivastav Archana. and Pndey A.C., Physico-Chemical and Microbial Analysis of underground Water in and Around Gwalior City, MP, India, Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(6), 62-65 (2012)
  29. PatilS.G., Chonde S.G., Jadhav A.S. and Raut P.D., Impact of Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Shivaji University lakes on Phytoplankton Communities, Kolhapur, India. Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(2), 56-60 (2012)
  30. Irfan Khursheed Shah. and Humaira Shah., Physico-Chemical Dynamics in Littoral Zone of Nageen Basin of Dal Lake, Kashmir, India, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci.,2 (3), 11-14, (2013)
  31. Odunaike R.K., Alausa S.K., Alausa I.M. and Akinyemi L.P., Elevation of Heavy Metals in the Environment of Aragba and Uvwiamughe in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria after an Oil Spillage, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci.,2 (3), 1-5, (2013)
  32. Tilekar B.B., Dhamak R.M., Theurkar S.V., Ghadage M.K. and Patil S.B., Study of Different Parameters of Manmade Mohari Reservoir from Pathardi Tahsil, MS, India, Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., 2(3), 24-27, (2013)