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Hydro-Chemical Evaluation of Ground Water of Area Around Raisar, Bikaner District, Rajasthan, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Dungar College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, INDIA
  • 2Department of Geology, Dungar College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (5), Pages 72-78, May,22 (2013)

Abstract

Hydro-chemical characteristics of ground water of area around Raisar District Bikaner have been studied to evaluate the suitability of water for irrigation and domestic uses. Ground water sample of twenty four key wells of the study area were collected and analyzed for physico-chemical parameters. The ground water sample has been classified on the basis of Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR) values, Piper Diagram and US Salinity Laboratory Diagram. The hydro-chemical water facies identified by using Piper Trilinear Diagram and of majority of water samples belongs to Sodium Chloride Type. According to US Salinity Laboratory Diagram almost 50% water samples are lying under C, C, C category which indicates very high salinity and medium to very high SAR values so these water samples are not suitable for irrigation purpose. The major identifiable geochemical processes responsible for the evolution of the various ions are mineral weathering, chemical reactions and anthropogenic activities.

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