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Environmental Impact of Industrial Effluent in Vaigai River and the Ground Water in and around the River at Anaipatti of Dindigul Distt, Tamil Nadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Kathir College of Engineering, Department of Chemistry, Neelambur, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, INDIA
  • 2P.G. and Research Department of Chemistry G.T.N Arts College, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (4), Pages 34-38, April,22 (2013)

Abstract

Environmental includes water , air, land and the inter-relationship which exists among water, air, land and human being, other living creatures, plants, micro-organism and property. Environmental pollutant means any solid, liquid or gaseous substance presentation in concentration as may be injurious to environment. Environmental pollution means the presence in the environment of any environment pollutant. Hazardous substance means any substance or preparation which by reason of its physico-chemical properties or handling is liable to cause harm to human beings, other living creatures, plants, micro-organism, property or the environment. The problem of pollution of rivers and streams has assumed considerable importance and urgency to urbanization. It is therefore essential to ensure that the industrial effluent and domestic sewage water is not to be allowed to discharge in to the water courses without adequate treatment. As such discharges would render the water unsuitable as source of drinking water as well as for supporting fish life and also for use in irrigation. Pollution of rivers and streams also causes increasing damage to the country’s economy. An attempt has been made to study the impact of untreated sewage in the river located Nilakkottai in Dindigul. In fact the sanitary waste water comprises about 99.9% of water along with micro-organism. Once the river water was used for bathing, washing and also for agricultural purpose, but at present the water has become the place of collection of sewage water along with industrial effluent. In order to evaluate the physical, chemical parameters, the water samples from the river and also from the well and from bore well were collected from the residence located in and around the river and also on the banks of the Vaigai River. On any account the sewage water should not be discharged in to the river water, which causes river water pollution and ground water pollution. In long run the water becomes unfit for domestic and human consumption. The physico-chemical analysis of water in the river as well as the ground water sources around the river reveals that there is high turbidity, high TDS shows that the water cannot be used for drinking purposes. The electrical conductivity, the total hardness, the high chloride value in the ground water sources indicates that the water cannot be used for human consumption. The safest way for the residence is to abandon the river water sources in order to escape from the water borne diseases caused by the use of polluted river water.

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