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A Study about Ecological Imbalance in Surguja (India) Coalfield Area Due to Mining

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Chemistry, T.C.L. Govt. PG College Janjgir-495668, CG, INDIA
  • 2 School of Bio-Sciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore-632014, TN, INDIA
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, K.G. Arts and Science College, Raigarh-496001, CG, INDIA
  • 4 Department of Chemistry, Govt College Bishrampur, Sarguja-497226, CG, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (4), Pages 10-14, April,22 (2013)

Abstract

The present investigation has been focused on Bishrampur and Bhatgaon regions of Surguja Coal field area since these are major coal mining areas of Surguja district which are prone for ecological imbalance. The sampling method was based on primary and secondary data collection during the research study in three areas namely Coal mining area, Forest area, and Urban area. The water samples were collected in the month of November’2010 from hand pumps, tube wells and ponds, and were considered under primary data collection technique and their Temperature, p, E.C, TS, TDS, TSS, Alkalinity, TH, DO, BOD, COD, F, Cl, SO2 , NO etc. were determined using pH meter, titration, water analyzer and spectrophotometer etc. It was found that deteriorating water quality due to mining, continued to ruin the health standards of local peoples, reduced the number of flora and fauna, reduced the agricultural land area and it constrained the farmers to migrate, this led to an increased entropy in ecology of Bishrampur and Bhatgaon regions, causing an ecological imbalance.

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