6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Biohydrogen from Algae: Fuel of the Future

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Energy and Environment Studies, Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Takshashila Campus, Indore, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (4), Pages 44-47, April,22 (2013)


Hydrogen holds much promise as a future fuel because of the increase in pollution caused by fossil fuels and continuous decrease in the availability of fossil fuels. The biggest drawback of hydrogen is that its production involves fossil fuels thereby causing pollution of environment. Biohydrogen produced from algae is not only a clean source of energy but can also be a major substitute for the continuous depleting gasoline. Third generation biohydrogen from algae have provided solutions to drawbacks of first and second generation biofuels up to an extent. This review critically updates different processes available for biohydrogen production from algae with special emphasis on their merits and demerits. Some approaches to overcome existing problems have also been outlined.


  1. David B. Levin, Lawrence P, Murray L., Biohydrogen production: prospects and limitations to practical application, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 29, 173-185 (2004)
  2. Suzuki Y., On hydrogen as fuel gas, Int J Hyd Ener, 7, 227-30 (1982)
  3. Nath K and Das D, Biohydrogen production as a potential energy source - Present state of art, JSIR, 63, 729-738 (2004)
  4. Das D and VezirońĚlu N.T., Hydrogen production by biological processes: A survey of literature, Int J of Hyd. Ener., 26, 13-28 (2001)
  5. Gaffron H, Rubin J. Fermentative and photochemical production of hydrogen in algae, Gen Physiol, 26, 291-240 (1942)
  6. Greenbaum E., Photosynthetic hydrogen and oxygen production: kinetic studies, Science, 215, 879–880. (1982)
  7. Happe T and Naber J.D., Isolation, characterization and N-terminal amino acid sequence of hydrogenase from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Eur J Biochem, 214, 475-481(1993)
  8. Roessler P.G. and Lien S., Activation and de novo synthesis of hydrogenase in Chlamydomonas, Plant Physiol, 76, 1086-1089 (1984)
  9. Voordouw G, Strang J.D. and Wilson F.R., Organization of the genes encoding [Fe] hydrogenase in Desulfovibrio vulgariis, J Bacteriol, 171, 3881-3889 (1989)
  10. Happe T, Mosler B and Naber J.D., Induction, localization and metal content of hydrogenase in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Eur J Biochem, 222, 769–774 (1994)
  11. Florin L, Tsokoglou A and Happe T., A novel type of Fe-hydrogenase in the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus is linked to the photosynthetical electron transport chain, J Biol. Chem., 276, 6125–6132 (2001)
  12. Ghirardi M.L., Zhang L, Lee J.W., Flynn T, Seibert M, Greenbaum E and Melis A., Microalgae: a green source of renewable hydrogen, Trends Biotechnol, 18, 506–511 (2000)
  13. Nandi R and Sengupta S, Microbial production of hydrogen: an overview, Crit Rev Microbiol, 24, 61–84, (1998)
  14. Winkler M, Hemsehemeier A, Gotor C, Melis A and Happe T, hydrogenase in green algae: photo-fermentation and hydrogen evolution under sulfur deprivation, Int J Hyd Ener, 27, 1431–1439 (2002)
  15. Hansel A and Lindblad P, Mini-review: towards optimization of cyanobacteria as biotechnologically relevant producers of molecular hydrogen, a clean and renewable energy source, Appl Environ Microbiol, 50, 153–160 (1998)
  16. Pinto F.A.L, Troshina O and Lindblad P., A brief look at three decades of research on cyanobacterial hydrogen evolution, Int J Hyd Ener, 27, 1257–1264 (2002)
  17. Tsygankov A, Federov A, Talipova I, Laurinavichene T, Miyake J, Gogotov I, Use of immobilized phototrophic microorganisms for waste water treatment and simultaneous production of hydrogen, Appl Biochem Microbiol, 34, 362–366 (1998)
  18. Ghirardi M.L., Togasaki R.K. and Seibert M., Oxygen sensitivity of algal hydrogen production, Appl Biochem and Biotechnol, 63, 141–149 (1997)