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Dynamic Patterns and Socioeconomic Driving forces of land use and land cover change in Humid Tropical Watersheds: A Case Study of Batang Merao watershed, Indonesia

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University 1-5-1 Kagamiyama, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima, JAPAN

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (12), Pages 89-96, December,22 (2013)

Abstract

Batang Merao watershed, a representative of the little known land change in humid tropical regions in Indonesia, is one of the key regions of this land use and land cover (LULC) research and has essential functions in maintaining the conservation function of the Kerinci Seblat National Parks and the socioeconomic function of Jambi Province, Indonesia. The implementation of regional autonomy started in Indonesia in 2000, and as the consequence, land has rapidly changed. This research aimed to investigate dynamic patterns and socioeconomic driving forces of LULC, and population pressure from 2006 to 2011. The dynamic patterns were investigated with GIS and Remote Sensing techniques while the socioeconomic driving forces were analyzed with multiple regressions, and the population pressure was quantified with Population Pressure Index (PPI) method. The results indicated that the dynamics of LULC showed an increase in agricultural area (mix plantation and agri-land) from 49.25% in 2006 to 56.71% in 2011, with primarily at the detriment of forest area. On the contrary, forest area decreased from 24.20% in 2006 to 18.13% in 2011 respectively. Annual rate of LULC change clearly showed the dynamics of different LULC classes over the study periods. The proximate socioeconomic driving factors significantly involved in the dynamic of LULC change were population growth/pressure, number of farmers, GDRP agriculture, GDRP total, and Human Development Index (HDI). The study is expected to be able to give useful contribution in providing essential information for natural resources conservation and sustainable land management in humid tropical watersheds.

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