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Seasonal fluctuation of Heavy Metal Pollution in Surface water

Author Affiliations

  • 1 P.G and Research Department of Chemistry, GTN Arts College, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (12), Pages 66-73, December,22 (2013)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the heavy metal status of River Cooum, Chennai, India. In Chennai city, the increase in population rate exponentially every year, demands more consumption of water and subsequently leads to the generation of enormous quality of waste water. It can be very well noticed that the waste water is being discharged directly into the rivers of Chennai city. The present study is to evaluate quality of water in River Cooum with respect to its heavy metal concentration. This was done by monitoring the levels of heavy metals in the river water and their spatial as well as temporal distribution and variability patterns were evaluated. The assessment was made taking into account the water impact of four heavy metals: Chromium (Cr), Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu) and Iron (Fe). Eleven water samples were analysed for four different seasons (post monsoon, summer, premonsoon and monsoon) for the year 2011. The results shows that the heavy metal concentration in water exceeded the limits prescribed by WHO.

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