9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Efficiency of DHR as a Biosorption of Arsenic

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Environmental Science and Engineering Group, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (10), Pages 71-76, October,22 (2013)

Abstract

Arsenic contamination in water possesses severe health problems all over the world. It was first noticed in West Bengal, India in 1983. Instead of decreasing very soon it become a serious problem all over the India. At present arsenic pollution has been reported from more than seventy countries on six continents so far. The present study successfully evaluate dried powdered root of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms), referred as dried hyacinth root (DHR), for biosorption of arsenic as a low cost technique. Results from ICP suggest that 0.75 g of DHR removes 89 percent of 2 ppm As (III) in 120 hours whereas 50 g DHR removes 99.5 percent in 48 hours and 91.5 percent within 12 hours. Further study reveals that 50g of DHR removes 99.98 percent of 50 ppm or 50000 ppb As (III) in 48 hours. It is concluded that by increasing the mass of DHR, it is possible to increase the removal efficiency of As (III) in short span of time.

References

  1. ATSDR, Arsenic Toxicity: Case studies in Environmental medicine, US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for toxic substances and Disease Registry (2002)
  2. Pokhrel Damodar, Viraraghavan Thiruvenkatachari, Biological filtration for removal of arsenic from drinking water, Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 1956-1961 (2009)
  3. Fields A. Keith, Chen Abraham, and Wang Lili, Arsenic removal from drinking water by coagulation/filtration and lime softening plants. EPA/600/R-00/063, Battelle Columbus, 0H 43201-2693 (2000)
  4. Mohan Dinesh, Pittman U. Charles, Arsenic removal from water/ wastewater using adsorbents- A critical review, Journal of Hazardous Material, 142, 1-53 (2007)
  5. Kadukova J, and Vircikova E., Comparison of differences between copper bioaccumulation and biosorption, Environmental International, 31 (2), 227-232 (2005)
  6. Sag Y., Biosorption of heavy metals by fungal biomass and modeling of fungal biosorption: A review, Sep. Purification Methods, 30 (1), 1-48 (2001)
  7. Raraz A.G., Biological and biotechnological waste management in materials processing, Journal of the mineral, metals and material society, 56-62 (1995)
  8. Kamsonlian Suantak, Majumder C.B., and Chand S., Process parameter optimization and isothermal modeling: Removal of arsenate (V) ion from contaminated water using palm bark (PB) biomass, International journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 2(4), 2335-2339 (2012)
  9. Mohanty K., Jha M., Meikap B.C., and Biswas M.N., Biosorption of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions by Eichhornia crassipes, Chemical Engineering Journal, 117, 71-77 (2006)
  10. El-Khaiary M.I., Kinetics and mechanism of adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by nitric acid treated water hyacinth, Journal of hazardous material, 147, 28-36 (2007)
  11. Shawky S., Geleel M.A, and Aly A., Sorption of Uranium by nonliving water hyacinth roots, Journal of radioanalytical and nuclear chemistry, 265, 81-84 (2005)
  12. Al Ramalli W. Shaban, Harrington F. Chris, Ayub Mohammed, and Haris I. Parvez. A biomaterial based approach for arsenic removal from water, Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 7, 279-282 (2005)
  13. Harrington F. Chris, and Haris I. Parvez, The use of dried hyacinth roots to remove arsenic from surface water, Environmental Chemistry Group Bulletin, The Royal society of chemistry, 14-16 (2006)
  14. Govindaswamy Shekar, Schupp A. Donald, and Rock A. Stevan, Batch and Continuous Removal of arsenic using hyacinth roots, International Journal of Phytoremediation, 13(6), 513-527 (2011)
  15. Wei S, Shivan C, Shuaike S, Xin L, Xiang Z, Weilli H and Huaping W., Adsorption of Cu (II) and (II) diethylenetriamine-bacterial celluolose, Carbohydrate polymers, 75, 110-114 (2009)
  16. Wang G. X., Fuerstenau M.C., Smith R. W., Mineralization Metallic Process, 16, 1-47 (1999)
  17. Khan A.H., Rasul S.B, Munir A.K.M., Habibuddowla M, Alauddin M., Newaz S.S and Hussam A., Journal of Environmental Science Health, 35, 1021-1041 (2000)
  18. Source: http://phys4.harvard.edu/~wilson/arsenic/arsenic_project_health_effects.html