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Incidences of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) in Urban Farming of Mumbai and Suburbs, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Environmental Sciences Research Laboratory, Department of Botany, Wilson College, Mumbai, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (1), Pages 12-18, January,22 (2013)

Abstract

Mumbai, economical capital of India is its true sense is Mayanagari, where the major problem is of space for accommodation and so as land under cultivation is rare in occurrence. The Local train is a life-line of Mumbai. It passes from the major part of Mumbai city and its suburbs. Near the tracks some area of land might be available for urban agriculture. To support day today needs of fresh vegetables, majority of the time such land near railway tracks are utilized. It is the waste land near tracks utilized for cultivation of leafy vegetables like fenugreek (Trigonella longiceps), chavali (Vigna unguiculata), fruit vegetables like bhindi (Abulmoschus esculantus), and some Chenopodiaceae members. Such soils are often of very poor quality for cultivation practices. Irrigation is often done from gutters and waste water from washing and garage water. In such disturbed habitats incidences of mycorrhizal fungi are more in terms of percent colonization. In present investigation, roots of such commonly cultivated crops like bhindi, chavali, and fenugreek were collected from different locations from Central Railway side tracks and screened for % colonization by mycorrhiza fungi. Similarly, rhizospheric soil samples were also collected and detail investigations were carried out like physical parameters such as soil pH, soil moisture, and organic matter. Samples were screened for Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) spores also and spore density was calculated for each sample. Lastly, all such parameters were analyzed for any correlation present amongst them.

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