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Study of Groundwater Quality at Dindigul Town, Tamilnadu, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1The New College (Autonomous), Chennai, INDIA
  • 2 Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous), Trichirappalli, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 2, Issue (1), Pages 68-73, January,22 (2013)

Abstract

Contamination of drinking water by human and industrial activities is a serious concern now-a-days. Thus the analysis of the water quality is very important to preserve and protect the natural eco system. An assessment of the groundwater quality was carried out in and around Dindigul town, Tamilnadu, India. Dindigul is an interior region of Tamilnadu having landscape of 6058 sqkm. A total number of twenty three groundwater samples were taken from the bore well in and around Dindigul town with necessary precaution. All the groundwater samples were subjected to analysis of physico-chemical parameters such as pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, carbonate, bicarbonate, chloride, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, nitrate, sulphate, phosphate and fluoride and biological analysis such as dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand. The obtained results are compared with WHO standard values. The results revealed that most of the physicochemical parameters such as fluoride, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand were in high concentration at most of the groundwater sampling stations. The study of physico-chemical and biological characteristics of these groundwater samples suggest that the evaluation of water quality parameters as well as water quality management practices should be carried out periodically to protect the water resources.

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