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Biodiversity of Chilika and Its Conservation, Odisha, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Zoology, P.N. Autonomous College, Khordha, Odisha, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 1, Issue (5), Pages 54-57, December,22 (2012)


This paper identifies the uniqueness of the largest brackish water habitat in Asia, i.e. Chilika. The lagoon supports a unique assemblage of marine, brackish water and fresh water biodiversity. Four types of crocodiles, 24 types of mammals, 37 types of reptiles, 726 types of flowering plants, 5 types of grasses and mangroves are present here. People of 122 villages and 8 towns on the bank of Chilika depend upon its biodiversity for their livelihood. Marine produce and tourism activities around the lagoon contribute significantly to the economy of Odisha State.


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