9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Energy Economics Assessment of Crops in Traditional and Mechanized Farming

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, Graphic Era University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, INDIA
  • 2 Field consultant, Government of Bihar, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Environment Sci., Volume 1, Issue (5), Pages 27-34, December,22 (2012)

Abstract

The energy economics of potato and gram crop production operation in Allahabad region is reported in the present study. The main focus of this study was to study the operation and source wise energy inputs for potato and gram crop under traditional and partial mechanized farming system and to analyze and compare the cost benefits of partial mechanised farming over traditional farming. The various operations in the production of crops like sowing, intercultural and harvesting and picking were considered for the operation energy input determination. It was observed that in both crop energy required in sowing, intercultural and harvesting/ picking operation was more in traditional farming. It means that mechanized farming saves the much more energy input in operation and reduces the cost. After analyzing the cost of energy, it was clear that the cost of energy is 1.2 times more in gram crop for traditional farming as compared to mechanized farming. But in potato crop, the cost of energy approx doubles in traditional as compared to mechanized farming. It was also found that mechanized farming of gram crop and potato crop shows the significant saving in operational energy as well.

References

  1. Singh S., Mittal J.P. and Varma S.R., Energy requirement for production of major crops in India, AMA., 28(4), 13-17 (1997)
  2. Shrivastava N.S.L., Farm power sources, their availability and future requirement to sustain agriculture production: Status of farm mechanization in India, IASRI, ICAR, PUSA, New Delhi publication, 57-68 (2006)
  3. Stout B.A., Handbook of energy for world agriculture, Elsevier Applied Science, London (1990)
  4. Faidley L.W., Energy and agriculture, In: R.C. Fluck (Ed), Energy in Farm Production, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1-12 (1992)
  5. Jekayinfa S.O., Energy consumption pattern of selected mechanized farms in Southwestern Nigeria (2006)
  6. Agricultural Engineering International, The CIGR e-journal, EE 06 001, VIII (2006)
  7. Sankar D. and Sarkar N.N., Power availability in Indian Agriculture, CIAE, Bhopal, 71-74 (2000)
  8. Chaudhary V., Gangwar B. and Pande D., Auditing of energy use and output of different cropping systems in India, Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR e-journal, EE05 001, VIII(2006)
  9. Shrivastava A.C., A comparative study of conventional and mechanized farming relative to energy use and cost,AMA Spring(1982)
  10. Singh H., Mishra D., Nahar N. M. and Ranjan M., Energy use pattern in production agriculture of a typical village in arid zone India: part II, Energy Conversion and Management, 44, 1053–1067 (2003)
  11. Singh H., Mishra D. and Nahar. N.M., Energy use pattern in production agriculture of a typical village in arid zone––Part III, Energy Conversion and Management, 45, 2453–2472 (2004)