6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2021) and workshop on Intellectual Property Rights on 8th and 9th May 2021.  10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th December 2021 Due to COVID-19.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Inversion Polymorphism in Polytene Chromosomes of Sarcophaga (Sarcophagidae: Diptera)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, CMP P G College, A constituent College of University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211002, UP, India
  • 2Zoology Department, Iswar Saran P G College, A constituent College of University of Alllahabad-211002, UP, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 9, Issue (2), Pages 32-34, May,10 (2020)


Cytological investigations using polytene chromosomes as a tool have demonstrated that inversion polymorphism is widespread in several members of the order Diptera. In the family sarcophagidae, which comprises several synanthropic and necrophagous filth flies however, chromosomal analysis in several species have been done, only a few cases of inversion polymorphism have been reported earlier. In the present communication some more cases of chromosomal polymorphism have been discussed.


  1. Gupta, J.P. and Kumar, A. (1987)., Cytogenetics of Zaprionus indianus Gupta (Diptera: Drosophilidae)., Genetica, 74, 19-25.
  2. Ananina, G., Peixoto, A. A., Souza, W. N. and Klaczko, L.B. (2002)., Polytene chromosome map and inversion polymorphism in Drosophila mediopunctata., Mem. Insi. Oswaldacruz, 97(5), 691-694.
  3. Ananina, G., Rhode, C., David, J. R., Valentle, V. L. S. and Klaczko, L. B. (2007)., Inversion polymorphism and a new polytene chromosome map of Zaprionus indianus Gupta (1970) (Diptera: Drosophilidae)., Genetica, 131(2), 117-125.
  4. Aulard, S., Monti, L., Chaminado, N. and Lemeunier, F. (2004)., Mitotic and polytene chromosomes: comparisons between Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila simulans., Genetica, 120, 137-150.
  5. Claudia, R., Degrandi, T. H., de Toni, D. C. and Valente, V. L. S. (2005)., Drosophila willistoni polytene chromosomes. I. pericentric inversion on X chromosome., Caryologia, 58(3), 249-254.
  6. Singh, B.N. (2010)., Pattern of inversion polymorphism in three species of the Drosophila melanogaster species group., Indian J. Exp. Biol., 48, 335-345.
  7. Singh, B.N., Singh, S. and Banerjee, P. (2012)., A comparison between polytene chromosomes of two sibling species of Drosophila: D.annanassae and D. pallodosa., Dros. Inf. Service, 95, 50-54.
  8. Claudia, R. and Valente, V. L. S. (2012)., Three decades of studies on chromosomal polymorphism of Drosophila willistoni and description of fifty different rearrangements., Genet. Mol. Biol., 35(4), 966-979.
  9. Corbett-Detig, R. B. and Hartl, D. L. (2012)., Population genomics of Inversion polymorphisms in Drosophila melanogaster., PLOS Genetics, 8(12), e1003056. Httos://doi.org?1o.1371/journal pgen.1003056.
  10. Carolina, G and Valente, V.L.S. (2018)., Drosophila chromosomal polymorphism: From population aspects to origin mechanisms of inversions., Open access peer reviewed chapter, DOI: 10e5772/intectiopen,73246
  11. Krastanov, B. (2005)., Chromosome polymorphism in Chironomus balatonicus devai, Walker, Scholl (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Bourgas lake., Proceeding of the Balkan Scientific Conference of Biology in Plovidiv (Bulgaria), pp.560-567.
  12. Philinkova, T.N. (2007)., Chromosomal polymorphism of Chironomus phimosus Linneaus and Chironomus entis Shobanov (Diptera: Chironomidae) of the south Transural region., Comparative Cytogenetics, 1(1), 55-58.
  13. Kiknadze, I.I. and Istomina, A.G. (2010)., Karyotype and chromosomal polymorphism of Chironomus luridus Strenzke, 1959 (Diptera: Chironomidae) in European and Asian populations., Comparative Cytogenetics, 4(1), 27-43.
  14. Kiknadze, I.I., Broshkov, A.D., Istomina, A.G., Gunderina, L.I. and Vallenduk, H. (2008)., Geographic variability of the polytene chromosome banding sequence of non-biting midge Chironomus pseudothummi Str (Diptera: Chironomidae)., Cell and Tissue Biology, 2(4), 417-427.
  15. Kamokov, M.K. (2018)., Karyotype characteristics and chromosomal polymorphism of Chironomus "annularius" sensu strenzke (1959) (Diptera: Chironomidae) from the Caucasus region., Comparative Cytogenetics, 12(3), 267-284.
  16. Bedo, D.G., Spradbery, J.P. and Mahon, R.J. (1994)., Cytogenetic variation in natural populations of the old world screwworm fly Chrysomia bezziana (Diptera: Calliphoridae)., Genome, 37(3), 391-398.
  17. Puchalla, S. (1994)., Polytene chromosomes of monogenic and amphogenic Chrysomia species (Calliphoridae: Diptera): analysis of banding patterns and in situ hybridization with Drosophila sex determining gene sequences., Chromosoma, 103(1), 16-30.
  18. Li, H., Chun-Lin, Z., Ying-Hai, J. and Han-Bin, C. (2012)., Polytene chromosomes of Simulum (Wilhelmia) xingyiense (Diptera: Simuliidae) from China., Acta Entomologica Sinica, 55(8), 988-993.
  19. Kaul, D. and Tewari, R.R. (1978)., Chromosomal polymorphism in flesh flies of the genus Parasarcophaga (Sarcophagidae: Diptera)., Chromosome Information service (Japan), 25, 15-17.
  20. Agrawal, U.R., Tewari, R.R. and Kurahashi, H. (1988)., Inversion polymorphism in Boettcherisca peregrina (R.D.): Sarcophagidae: Diptera., Chromosome Information Service (Japan), 44, 26-27.
  21. Kaur, P. (1995)., Chromosomal polymorphism in Bercea haemorrhoidalis (Sarcophagidae: Diptera)., Nucleus, 38(1-2): 26-28.
  22. Kaul D., Tewari, R. R. and Agrawal U.R. (1983)., Puffing activity in the foot pad chromosomes of Parasarcophaga ruficornis (Fab.) (Sarcophagidae:Diptera)., La Kromosomo (Japan), II-32, 961-970.
  23. Kaul, D. and Tewari, R. R. (1978b)., Polytene chromosomes of the flesh fly Parasarcophaga argyrostoma (Sarcophagidae: Diptera)., Genetica, 49, 189-197.
  24. Kaul, D. and Tewari, R.R.(1983)., Interspecific comparison of polytene chromosomes in the genus Parasarcophaga (Sarcophagidae: Diptera)., Genetica, (den Hague) 62: 129-138.