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Edible mushrooms in Tanzania: enlightening human health and improved livelihood

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Systematic Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden and Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35179, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 2Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35179, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 9, Issue (1), Pages 33-39, February,10 (2020)

Abstract

Mushrooms have become more popular due to their nutraceuticals potential contributes to their antioxidant, antimicrobial, antitumor and antiviral potential. The emergence of drug-resistant has attracted more studies on the edible mushroom as an alternative source of antibiotics to overcome drug resistance challenges. Apart from their pharmacological significance, edible mushrooms have good taste and are nutritious with high protein and fibre contents. They contain all essential amino and fatty acids vital to humans. They are cholesterol-free, low in calories, and fat. Besides their nutritional potential, research describes them as therapeutic foods, with the ability to inhibit ailments such as high cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, and cancer. Mushroom extracts contain bioactive constituents such as phenolic compounds, terpenoids, alkaloids, lactones, sterols, glycoproteins and polysaccharides. Their biological effectiveness has been traditionally exploited to boost immunity, improve the health of long ill people, prescribed as a tonic for gastro-intestinal ailments, relieving stomach pains, constipation, stomach ulcers and used as skin ointment to treat skin diseases. Furthermore, they have been used to enhance the quick recovery of childbirth mothers and improve milk production to breastfeeding mothers. The present review is aimto appraise traditional uses, nutritional significance and the nutraceutical value of edible mushrooms of Tanzania for the improvement of human health and livelihood.

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