6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Bryophyte diversity of Jammu and Kashmir State, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, MP, India
  • 2School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, MP, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 8, Issue (5), Pages 21-28, May,10 (2019)


Bryophytes are unique group of land plants which exhibit maximum gametophytic diversity among the entire plant kingdom. They are cosmopolitan in distribution but their luxuriance is determined by a number of environmental factors like light, humidity, Temperature, ph, altitude etc. Himalayas which provide humid and shady conditions are suitable habitats for bryophyte growth. Jammu and Kashmir is situated in the extreme north of Indian union which lies between the coordinates 32°17` to 37°20`north latitude and 73°25 to 80° 30 east longitude. Several tribal communities from different corners of world use different species of bryophyte against several disorders and same is the case of tribal peoples of Jammu and Kashmir.


  1. Asthana A.K. and Srivastava S.C. (1991)., Indian Hornworts A Taxonomic study., Bryophyt. Biblio., 42, 1-160.
  2. Sharma Anu (2017)., Bryophyte diversity in Jammu region of J&K state., international conference on recent innovations in science, agriculture ,engineering and management university college of computer applications Guru University. Bathinda Punjab 20th November 2017 ISBN.978-93-8617-80-1
  3. Kachroo P., Bapna K.R. and Dhar G.L. (1977)., Hepaticae of India-A taxonomic survey and census. V. Fossombroniaceae through anthocerotae., Journal of the Indian Botanical Society, 56(1), 62-86.
  4. Asakawa Y. (2008)., Liverworts-potential source of medicinal compounds., Current pharmaceutical design, 14(29), 3067-3088.
  5. Azuelo A.G. (2005)., Bryophyte Flora of Mt. Malindang, Misamis Occidental, Philippines., Unpublished Dissertation Thesis. Central Mindanao University.
  6. Bates J.W. (2000)., Mineral nutrition, substratum ecology, and pollution., Bryophyte biology, 248-311.
  7. Del Rosario R.M. (1986)., Philippine endemic mosses., Guide Philippine Flora and Fauna, 1, 291-363.
  8. Najar I.A. and Khan A.B. (2011)., Earthworm communities of Kashmir valley, India., Tropical Ecology, 52(2), 151-162.
  9. Rashid M., Lone M.A. and Romshoo S.A. (2011)., Geospatial tools for assessing land degradation in Budgam district, Kashmir Himalaya, India., Journal of earth system science, 120(3), 423-433.
  10. Raza M., Ahmad A. and Mohammad A. (1978)., The Valley of Kashmir: A Geographical Interpretation., (New Delhi:Vikas Publishing House, Pvt. Ltd).
  11. Kachroo P. (1969)., Hepaticae of India - A taxonomic survey and census I. Floristic and taxonomic considerations., Kashmir J. Sci., 6, 39-55.
  12. Kachroo P. (1970)., Hepaticae of India-A taxonomic survey and census II. Takakiaceae through Marsupellaceae., Kashmir Science, 7(1-2), 176-200.
  13. Kachroo P. (1970)., Hepaticae of India - A taxonomic survey and census IV. Lejeuneaceae., Bull. Bot. Surv. India., 12, 226-241.
  14. Frahm J.P. (2012). The Phyto geography of European bryophytes, Botanica Serbica, 2012; 36(1), 2336., undefined, undefined
  15. Hallingback T. and Tan B.C. (2010)., Past and present activities and future strategy of bryophytes conservation., Phytotaxa, 9, 266-274.
  16. Azuelo A.G., Sariana L.G. and Pabualan M.P. (2011)., Some medicinal bryophytes: their ethnobotanical uses and morphology., Asian Journal of Biodiversity, 2(1), 49-80.
  17. Alam A. (2011)., Diversity and altitudinal distribution of terrestrial liverworts (Hepaticae) in Nilgiri hills, Tamil Nadu, India., Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, India, Sect. B, 81, 206-217.
  18. Banday F.A. (1997)., Floristic studies in bryophytes of Kashmir Himalaya with reference to Gulmarg and adjoining areas (Doctoral dissertation, M Phil Dissertation, Kashmir University, Kashmir).,
  19. Schuster R.M. (1984)., Evolution, phylogeny and classification of the Hepaticae., New manual of bryology, 2, 892-1070.
  20. Sharma A., Paul Y. and Langer A. (2011)., Status of Stephensoniella brevipedunculata in Jammu (NW Himalayas)-India., Univ.-Bibliothek.
  21. McCleary J.A. and Walkington D.L. (1966)., Mosses and antibiosis., Revue Bryologique et Lichenologique, 34, 309±314.
  22. Wolters B. (1964)., Die Verbreitung antifungaler Eigenschaften bei Moosen., Planta, 62(1), 88-96.
  23. Gupta K.G. and Singh B. (1971)., Occurrence of antibacterial activity in moss extracts., Res. Bull. Punjab Univ., 22, 237-239.
  24. Ding H. (1982)., Medicinal spore-bearing plants of China., Shanghai Science and Technology Press, Shanghai, 1-409.
  25. Ando H. (1983)., Use of bryophytes in China 2. Mosses indispensable to the production of Chinese gallnuts., Proc. Bryol. Soc. Jap, 3, 124-125.
  26. Pant G. and Tewari S.D. (1990)., Bryophytes and mankind., Ethnobotany, 2(1&2), 97-103.
  27. Saxena D.K. and Harinder I. (2004)., Bryophytes and mankind., Resonance, 9(6), 56-65.
  28. Subhisha S. and Subramoniam A. (2005)., Antifungal activities of a steroid from Pallavicinia lyellii, a liverwort., Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 37(5), 304-308.
  29. Kumar K., Singh K.K., Asthana A.K. and Nath V. (2000)., Ethnotherapeutics of bryophyte Plagiochasma appendiculatum among the Gaddi tribes of Kangra valley, Himachal Pradesh, India., Pharmaceutical biology, 38(5), 353-356.
  30. Singh A.P., Asthana A.K. and Nath V. (2000)., Medicinal importance of Bryophytes - a review [in Hindi]., Bharteey Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika, 8(2), 55-62.
  31. Hart J.A. (1981)., The ethnobotany of the northern Cheyenne Indians of Montana., Journal of ethnopharmacology, 4(1), 1-55. McClure J.W. and Miller H.A. (1967). Moss chemotaxonomy, a survey for flavonoids and the taxonomic implication. Nova Hedwigia, 14, 111-125.
  32. Tutschek R. and Rudolph H. (1971)., Isolation of crystalline phenols from the cell wall of Sphagnum magellanicum., Ber. Deut. Bot. Ges., 84, 309-311.
  33. Alam J., Ali I., Karim S., Islam M. and Ahmad H. (2016)., Checklist of Anthocerophyta and Marchantiophyta of Pakistan and Kashmir., Plant Science Today, 3(2), 226-236.
  34. Banday F.A., Naqshi A.R. and Dar G.H. (1998)., Liverworts (Hepaticae) of Kashmir Himalaya-a floristic survey., Oriental Science, 3, 1-6.