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Bryophyte diversity of Jammu and Kashmir State, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, MP, India
  • 2School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, MP, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 8, Issue (5), Pages 21-28, May,10 (2019)

Abstract

Bryophytes are unique group of land plants which exhibit maximum gametophytic diversity among the entire plant kingdom. They are cosmopolitan in distribution but their luxuriance is determined by a number of environmental factors like light, humidity, Temperature, ph, altitude etc. Himalayas which provide humid and shady conditions are suitable habitats for bryophyte growth. Jammu and Kashmir is situated in the extreme north of Indian union which lies between the coordinates 32°17` to 37°20`north latitude and 73°25 to 80° 30 east longitude. Several tribal communities from different corners of world use different species of bryophyte against several disorders and same is the case of tribal peoples of Jammu and Kashmir.

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