Influence of physico-chemical characteristics of water in seasonal abundance of insects of Kapla Beel, Assam, India
- 1P.G. Department of Zoology, Bajali College, Barpeta-781325, India
- 2Department of Zoology, Cotton University, Guwahati-781001, India
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 7, Issue (3), Pages 1-8, March,10 (2018)
During the entire study period total 46 species of insects were recorded from the Kapla Beel. Among these, the order Coleoptera comprised of greatest number with 20 species belongs to 5 families. Diptera with 3 genera belongs to two families, Hemiptera recorded with 13 species belongs to 7 families, Odonata with 8 species belongs to 3 families and Ephemeroptera with 2 genera belongs to 1 family. The study revealed that aquatic insects abundance show positive correlation with pH, Conductivity, Dissolved Oxygen, BOD, Total Alkalinity, calcium, Magnesium and water Hardness and negatively correlated with Water Temperature, Turbidity, COD, Sulphate and Free CO2 during the year 2010-2011 and the pattern was almost same in 2011-2012 except Calcium. The study on the abundance of insects showed that they were abundant mostly during post monsoon season as compared to other two seasons.
- Varma M.C., Kumar S., Pratap R. and Kumar A. (2008)., Quantitative Assessment of Predatory Insets and their Intergration with Varied Factors in Some Fish Culture Ponds., Ecobiology of Aqautic Insects, Edited by Arvind Kumar and Dr. Habhajan Kaur, 11. Daya Publishing House. Delhi-110035.ISBN: 978-8170355489
- Subhashini S, Kumar L.K. and Logaswamy K. (2008)., Insects and aquatic environment., Ecobiology of Aqautic Insects, 107. Edited by Arvind Kumar and Dr. Habhajan Kaur. Daya Publishing House, Delhi-110035. ISBN: 978-8170355489
- Pandey S., Dudani V.K. and Kumar S. (1988)., Limnochemistry of a hyper-eutrophic fish pond (Harahi) of Darbhanga., Environmental pollution and its impact on the level of organism in the society, 257-267.
- Meintjes S. (1996)., Seasonal changes in the invertebrate community of small shallow ephemeral pans at Bain, Hydrobiologia, 317(1), 51-64.
- Whiteson K.K. (2009)., A Comparison of aquatic Insect Communities Between Man-Made and Natural ponds., A thesis presented to the Faculty of the Department of Bilogical Sciences. San Jose State University in partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
- Nebeker A.V. (1971)., Effect of high winter water temperature on adult emergence of aquatic insects., Water Res., Pergamon Press, 5(9), 777-783.
- Bath K.S. (2008)., Ecology of Aquatic Insects in Harike Wetland., Ecobiology of Aqautic Insects, 83. Edited by Arvind Kumar and Dr. Habhajan Kaur. Daya Publishing House (2008) Delhi-110035. ISBN: 978-8170355489
- Sweeney B.W. (1984)., Ecology of aquatic insects., 56-100 in V.H. Resh and D. Rosenberg (editors). Praeger Scientific Publishers, New York, New York. ISBN: 978-0275912482
- Bisht R.S. and Das S.M. (1979)., Studied on the ecology of aquatic entomofauna ofkumaon lakes., In: proc. Workshop on high Altitude Entomology and wild life Ecology, Zoological Survey of India, Solan.
- Michael P. (1984)., Ecological methods for field and laboratory investigations., Tata. Mc. Graw Hill Pub. New Delhi. India.
- Junk W.J. (1977)., The invertebrate fauna of the floating vegetation of Bung Borapet, a reservoir in central Thailand., Hydrobiologia, 53(3), 229-238.
- Subramanian K.A. and Sivaramakrishnan K.G. (2007)., Aquatic Insects of India-A field guide., Bangalore, India: Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment (ATREE) Small Grants Programme..
- Bal A. and Basu R.C. (1994)., Insecta: Hemiptera: Mesovelidae, Hydrometridae, Veliidae and Gerridae., In: State fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal, Part 5, Zoological Survey of India, Culcutta, 511-534.
- Bal A. and Basu R.C. (1994)., Insecta, Hemiptera, Mesovellidae, Hydrometidal, Velidae and Gerridae., In: Sate fana series 5. Fauna of West Bengal, Part- 5, Zoological Survey of India, 535-558.
- Biswas S. and Mukhopadhyay P. (1995)., Insecta: Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae., In: State fauna Series 5: Fauna of West Bengal, Part 6a, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, 143-168.
- Biswas S., Mukhopadhyay P. and Saha S.K. (1995)., Insecta: Coleoptera: Adephaga. I Family Dytiscidae., In: State fauna Series 5: Fauna of West Bengal, Part 6a, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, 77-120.
- Biswas S., Mukhopadhyay P. and Saha S.K. (1995)., Insecta: Coleoptera: Adephaga. I Family Gyrinidae anjd Halipidae., In: State fauna Series 5: Fauna of West Bengal, Part 6a, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, 121-142.
- Winterbourn M.J. and Gregson K.L.D. (1981)., Guide to the aquatic insects of New Zealand., Entomol. Soc. Nz. Bull., 5, 1-80.
- Pillai N.K. (1986)., Introduction to planktonology., Himalaya Publ. House. Bombay, India.
- Epler J.H. (2010)., The Water Beetles of Florida: an identification manual for the families Chrysomelidae, Curculionidae, Dryopidae, Dytiscidae, Elmidae, Gyrinidae, Haliplidae, Helophoridae, Hydraenidae, Hydrochidae, Hydrophilidae, Noteridae, Psephenidae, Ptilodactylidae and Scirtidae., Tallahassee: State of Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Environmental Assessment and Restoration, 414.
- Bouchard R.W. (2004)., Guide to aquatic invertebrates of the Upper Midwest., Water Resources Center, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN., 208.
- Needham G.J. and Needham P.R. (1996)., A Guide to freshwater biology., 5th edition. Holdon Day Inc. Sanfransisco.
- Andrew R.J., Subramaniam K.A. and Tiple A.D. (2008)., Common Odonates of Central India., E-book for The 18th International Symposium of Odonatology, Hislop College, Nagpur, India.
- APHA (1998)., Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater., American Public Health Association, AWWA, WPCF, Washington, D.C. (U.S.A.).
- Trivedy R.K. and Goel P.K. (1986)., Chemical and Biological methods for water pollution study., Env. Publication, Karad.
- Engelmann H.D. (1978)., Zur Dominanzklassifikazierung von Bodenarthropoden., Pedobilogia, 18, 378-380.
- Mukherji M., Pal S. and Nandi N.C. (1998)., The Macro invertebrate Diversity of Some Urban Wetlands of Calcutta., Proceedings of the National Seminaer on Environmental Biology, April 03-05, 1998. Edited by A.K. Aditya & F. Halder. Daya Publishing House, Delhi.
- Takhelmayum K. and Gupta S. (2011)., Distribution of aquatic insects in phumdis (floating island) of Loktak Lake, Manipur, northeastern India., Journal of Threatened Taxa, 3(6), 1856-1861.
- Sharma R.K. and Agrawal N. (2012)., Faunal diversity of aquatic insects in Surha Tal of District - Ballia (U. P.), India., Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 4(1), 60-64.
- Tara J.S., Kour R. and Sharma S. (2011)., Studies on the Occurrence and Seasonal Abundance of Aquatic Coleoptera In Relation To Some Physicochemical Parameters of Water of Gharana Wetland Reserve Jammu (J& K)., The Bioscan, 6(2), 257-261.
- Singh M. and Borana K. (2008)., Statistical Approach to Monthly Variations of Physico-chemic Factors at Lower Lake of Bhopal In Relation to Insect Fauna., Ecobiology of Aqautic Insects. Edited by Arvind Kumar and Dr. Habhajan Kaur. pp 121-127. Daya Publishing House(2008) Delhi-110035. ISBN: 978-8170355489
- Das K. and Gupta S. (2012)., Seasonal variation of Hemiptera community of a temple pond of Cachar District, Assam, northeastern India., Journal of Threatened Taxa, 4(11), 3050-3058.
- Sarma B.K. and Baruah B.K. (2013)., Study on seasonal variation of aquatic insects in a lotic ecosystem of Guwahati City, Assam, India., The Clarion, 2(1), 30-36.
- Barman B. and Gupta S. (2015)., Aquatic Insects As Bio-Indicator of Water Quality- A Study On Bakuamari Stream, Chakras Hila Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam, North East India., Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 3(3), 178-186.
- Das K. and Gupta S. (2010)., Aquatic Hemiptera Community of Agricultural Fields and Rain Pools in Cachar District, Assam, North East India., Assam University Journal of Science & Technology : Biological and Environmental Sciences, 5(1), 123-128.
- Ganai A.H. (2011)., Aquatic Insects Diversity In Some Derelict Waterbodies of Aligarh and Theur Limnological Significance., Thesis Submitted to Section of Fishery Science and Aquaculture, Department Of Zoology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.
- Yadav P., Yadav V.K., Yadav A.K. and Khare P.K. (2013)., Physico-Chemical Characteristics of a Fresh Water Pond of Orai, U.P., Central India, Octa., J. Biosci., 1(2), 177-184.
- Wahizatul A.A., Long S.H. and Ahmad A. (2011)., Composition and Distribution of Aquatic Insect Communities In Relation to Water Quality In Two Freshwater Streams of Hulu Terengganu, Terengganu., Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 6(1), 148-155.
- Gupta S. and Narzary R. (2013)., Aquatic Insect Community of lake, Phulbari anua, Cachar, Assam.,
- Devi M.B., Devi O.S. and Singh S.D. (2013)., Preliminary Study of Aquatic Insect Diversity and Water Quality of Loktak Lake, Manipur., Int J. Int sci. Inn. Tech. Sec, 2(3), 33-37.
- Oku E.E., Andem A.B., Arong G.A. and Odjadjare E. (2014)., Effect of Water Quality on the Distribution of Aquatic Entomofauna of Great Kwa River, Southern Nigeria., American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER), 3(4), 265-270.
- Harun S., Al-Shami A.S., Dambul R., Mohamed M. and Abdullah H.M. (2015)., Water Quality and Aquatic Insects Study at The Lower Kinabatangan River Catchment, Sabah: In Response To Weak La Niņa Event., Sains Malaysiana, 44(4), 545-558.