Structure, composition and biodiversity of tree species inside Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (GGV) Campus, Bilaspur, CG, India
- 1Department of Biotechnology, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur-495009, India and Department of Biochemistry, Veer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal University, Jaunpur-222003, India
- 2Department of Biotechnology, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur-495009, India
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 6, Issue (4), Pages 32-39, April,10 (2017)
Increasing population and changing lifestyle lead extensive commercial exploitation of the natural resources and loss of biodiversity. Therefore, documentation of biodiversity is mandatory to develop the strategies of conservation and management. A tropical deciduous forest area of Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (GGV) campus was divided into eleven grids and studied by quadrat method. A total of 26 tree species were observed inside GGV campus. Of the 26 tree species, 21 were identified as Butea monosperma, Acacia nilotica, Eucalyptus, Ziziphus mauritiana, Millettia pinnata, Delonix regia, Azadirachta indica, Tectona grandis, Alkana tinctoria, Saraca asoca, Diospyros melanoxylon, Dalbergia sisso, Mangifera indica, Madhuca indica, Syzygium cumini, Cascabela thevetia, Dendrocalamus strictus, Ficus religiosa, Phyllanthus emblica, Cassia fistula, and Alangium salvifolium. These plant species belong to 14 different families. Among them Fabaceae was the most dominant family followed by Myrtaceae. Acacia nilotica, Butea monosperma, Eucalyptus, Delonix regia and Diospyros melanoxylon displayed higher frequency, density and abundance in the study site. On the basis of IVI values Butea monosperma, Acacia nilotica, Delonix regia, Eucalyptus, Diospyros melanoxylon and Cassia fistula were documented as predominant plant communities.
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