4th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2017).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Structure, composition and biodiversity of tree species inside Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (GGV) Campus, Bilaspur, CG, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Biotechnology, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur-495009, India and Department of Biochemistry, Veer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal University, Jaunpur-222003, India
  • 2Department of Biotechnology, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur-495009, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 6, Issue (4), Pages 32-39, April,10 (2017)

Abstract

Increasing population and changing lifestyle lead extensive commercial exploitation of the natural resources and loss of biodiversity. Therefore, documentation of biodiversity is mandatory to develop the strategies of conservation and management. A tropical deciduous forest area of Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (GGV) campus was divided into eleven grids and studied by quadrat method. A total of 26 tree species were observed inside GGV campus. Of the 26 tree species, 21 were identified as Butea monosperma, Acacia nilotica, Eucalyptus, Ziziphus mauritiana, Millettia pinnata, Delonix regia, Azadirachta indica, Tectona grandis, Alkana tinctoria, Saraca asoca, Diospyros melanoxylon, Dalbergia sisso, Mangifera indica, Madhuca indica, Syzygium cumini, Cascabela thevetia, Dendrocalamus strictus, Ficus religiosa, Phyllanthus emblica, Cassia fistula, and Alangium salvifolium. These plant species belong to 14 different families. Among them Fabaceae was the most dominant family followed by Myrtaceae. Acacia nilotica, Butea monosperma, Eucalyptus, Delonix regia and Diospyros melanoxylon displayed higher frequency, density and abundance in the study site. On the basis of IVI values Butea monosperma, Acacia nilotica, Delonix regia, Eucalyptus, Diospyros melanoxylon and Cassia fistula were documented as predominant plant communities.

References

  1. Heywood V.H. (1995)., Global Biodiversity assessment., UNEP, Cambridge University Press, 1140.
  2. Parsons D.J. (1976)., Vegetation structure in the mediterranean scrub communities of California and Chile., J. Ecol., 64(2), 435-447.
  3. Li Q., Yang L. and Zhou J. (2002)., Comparative analysis on species diversity of hillcolsed afforested plant community in Beijing Jiulong Mountain., Chin. J. Appl. Ecol., 13(9), 1065-1068.
  4. Gaston K.J. (2000)., Global patterns in biodiversity., Nature., 405, 220-227.
  5. Siren L. (2003)., Plant species diversity in Wuyishan national nature reserve., Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 39(1), 36-43.
  6. Zhiyao T., Jingyun F. and Ling Z. (2004)., Patterns of woody plant species diversity along environmental gradients on Mt.Taibai, Qinling Mountains., Biodivers. Sci., 12(1), 115-122.
  7. Currie D.J. (1991)., Energy and large scale patterns of animal and plant species richness., The Amer. Naturalist, 137(1), 27-49.
  8. Schall J.J. and Pianka E.R. (1978)., Geographical trends in numbers of species., Sci., 201(4357), 679-686.
  9. Patel D.K. (2012)., Vegetation structure and composition in Guru Ghasidas vishwavidyalaya in central India., Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv., 4(15), 621-632.
  10. Stanisci A., Pelino G. and Blasi C. (2005)., Vascular plant diversity and climate change in the alpine belt of the central Apennines (Italy)., Biodivers. Conserv., 14(6), 1301-1318.
  11. Elourard C., Pascal J.P., Pelissier R., Ramesh B.R., Houllier F., Durand M., Aravajy S., Moravie M.A. and Gimaret–Carpentier C. (1997)., Monitoring the structure and dynamics of a dense moist evergreen forest in the Western Ghats (Kodagu District, Karnataka, India)., Trop. Ecol., 38(2), 193-214.
  12. Naidu M.T. and Kumar O.A. (2016)., Tree diversity, stand structure, and community composition of tropical forests in Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India., J. Asia Pac. Biodivers., 9(3), 328-334.
  13. Corlett R.T. (2016)., Plant diversity in a changing world: status, trends, and conservation needs., Plant Divers., 38(1), 10-16.
  14. Kamboj V.P. (2000)., Herbal medicine., Curr. Sci., 78(1), 35-39.
  15. Tiwari P., Soni I. and Patel S. (2014)., Study of vegetation in Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University campus, Raipur Chhattisgarh with special reference to Statistics Department., Ind. J. Sci. Res., 4(1), 121-126.
  16. Carrasco L.R., Nghiem T.P.L., Sunderland T. and Koh L.P. (2014)., Economic evaluation of ecosystem services fails to capture biodiversity value of tropical forests., Biol. Conserv., 178, 163-170.
  17. Mandal G. and Joshi S.P. (2014)., Analysis of vegetation dynamics and phytodiversity from three dry deciduous forests of Doon Valley, Western Himalaya, India., J. Asia Pac. Biodivers., 7(3), 292-304.
  18. Mishra R. (1968)., Ecology, work book., Oxford and IBH Publishing company, Calcutta.
  19. Cintron G. and Novelli Y.S. (1984)., Methods for studying mangrove structure., Mangrove ecosystem: research methods, 91-113.
  20. Shukla A.K. and Singh A. (2012)., Diversity of Forest Tree in the Forest of Sarguja District, Chhattisgarh, India., Int. J. Sci. Res., 3(12), 1153-1157.
  21. Dar J.A. and Sundarapandian S. (2016)., Patterns of plant diversity in seven temperate forest types of Western Himalaya, India., J. Asia Pac. Biodivers., 9(3), 280-292.
  22. Bijalwan A. (2010)., Structure, composition and diversity of degraded dry tropical forest in Balamdi watershed of Chhattisgarh plain, India., J. Biodivers., 1(2), 119-124.
  23. Chaubey O.P., Sharma A. and Krishnamurthy G. (2015)., Plant Diversity, Edaphic Status and Population Structure in Different Forest Types of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh States in India., Int. J. Bio-Sci. Bio-Technol., 7(2), 115-124.
  24. Howe H.F. (2014)., Diversity storage: implications for tropical conservation and restoration., Global Ecol. Conserv., 2, 349-358.
  25. Prasad R. and Pandey R.K. (1992)., An observation on plant diversity of Sal and Teak forest in relation to intensity of biotic impact of various distances from habitation in Madhya Pradesh: A case study., J. Trop. Fores., 8(1), 62-83.