Edible marine molluscan fauna found at Digha coast, West Bengal, India
- 1Department of Aquaculture Management & Technology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal, India and Department of Fishery, Govt. of West Bengal, India
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 6, Issue (3), Pages 26-41, March,10 (2017)
At present, the total population of India is about 127 crores. Among them a huge number of our children have been suffering from mal-nutritional diseases. They need protein feed and molluscs meat is a good source of protein. India harvested 1.73 lakh tones of Cephalopods, 0.04 lakh tones of Bivalves and 0.02 lakh tones of Gastropods from Indian marine resources in the year 2013-2014. In Southern part of India especially Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Karnataka etc, the poor people including fisher folk population considered the molluscan meat as their feed. At Digha, the beach is about 10 kms long from Digha Mohana to Paschim Gadadharpur and 54 bivalve species, 35 gastropod species and 4 cephalopod species are found as per present study. Out of them 12 bivalves, 2 gastropods and 4 cephalopods are edible species but local people do not consume them except Cephalopods because they are getting different varieties of marine fishes in low price value. But in future the molluscan meat may be eaten by local poor people due to containing high protein in comparation with marine fishes and also scarcity of marine fishes.
- Winckworth R. (1940)., New species of shells from Madras., Journal of Molluscan Studies, 24(2), 41-43.
- Subba Rao N.V., Dey A. and Barua S. (1992)., Estuarine & marine molluscs., Fauna of West Bengal, State Fauna Series, 3, Part-9: 129-268. Zool. Survey of India.
- Subba Rao N.V., Dey A. and Barua S. (1995)., Molluscs of Hughli Matla Estuary., Estuarine Ecosystems Series, 2: 41 - 91. Zool. Surv. India.
- Ramakrishna S.C. and Dey M.A. (2010)., Annotated Checklist of Indian Marine Molluscs., Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Oce. Paper No. 320.
- Yennawar Prasanna and Tudu Prasad (2014)., Study of Macro benthic (Invertebrate) Fauna Around Digha Coast., Marine Aquarium and Regional Centre, ZSI, Digha – 721428, WB. Rec. Zool. Surv, 114 (Part- 2), 341-351.
- Ramkrishna, Sarkar Jaydip and Talukdar Shankar (2003)., Marine Invertebrates of Digha Coast and some Recommendation on their Conservation., Zoological Survey of India, M. Block, New Alipore, Kolkata- 700053, India. Rec. Zool. Surv :101 (Part 3-4): 1-23.
- Goswami Bharati B.C. (1992)., Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India., J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India, 34 (1), 115-137.
- Rao Subba N.V., Dey A. and Barua S. (1992)., Molluscs in Hugli-Matla Estuary., Zool. Surv. India, Esturarine Ecosystem Series, 2, 41-90.
- Nair D.V. and Rao K.S. (1997)., The Commercial Molluscs of India., Edited by CMFRI, Cochin, India.
- Kumari L.K. and Nair V.R. (1989)., Seasonal Variation in the Proximate Composition of Rock Oyster Saccostrea cucullata from Bombay Coast., J. India Fish. Asso., 19, 19-24.
- Sing Yambem Tenjing, Krishnamoorthy Machina and Trippeswamy Seetharamaiah, (2012)., Seasonal Changes in the Biochemical Composition of Wedge Clam, Donax scortum from the Padukere Beach, Karnataka., Department of Post- graduate Studies and Research in Biosciences, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri–574199, Karnataka, India. Recent Research in Science and Technology, 4(12), 12-17.
- Nagabhushanan R. and Talikhedkar P.M. (1977)., Seasonal variations in protein, fat and glycogen of the Wedge clam Donax cuneatus., Indian J. Mar.Sci., 6, 85-87.
- Giese A.C. (1969)., A new approach to the biochemical composition of the mollusks body., Ocanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann.Rev. 7, 175-229.
- Fatima M. (1996)., Growth Indices, Nutritive Value and Chemical Significance of the Green Mussel., Ph-D Thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.
- Chakraborty S.K. (2010)., Coastal Environment of Midnapore, West Bengal: Potential threats and Management, India., Journal of Coastal Environment, 1(1), 27-40