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Wild edible plant species in patch vegetations of Jorhat district, Assam, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat-785001, Post Box No-136, Assam, India
  • 2Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat-785001, Post Box No-136, Assam, India
  • 3Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat-785001, Post Box No-136, Assam, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 6, Issue (3), Pages 14-25, March,10 (2017)

Abstract

Wild edible plant species and their traditional uses were studied in 32 numbers of patch vegetation of Jorhat district, Assam. A total of 119 wild edible plant species were recorded under 57 families, which includes tree, shrubs, climbers and herbs. Among them 18 and 95 plant species comes under monocots and dicots respectively. Four (4) species were recorded under Pteridophytes, whereas Gymnosperm was represented by Gnetum genemon only. Of the total 119 edibles plants species recorded for human consumption, 44 were trees, 19 shrubs, 12 climbers and 43 herbs. Moreover, 41 plants species were identified as birds food plant and 38 plant species for animals food and fodder. The villagers of the district use to collect the wild edible plant species from their nearest patch vegetations traditionally, among them 73 species were eaten as vegetables, 41 species as fruits, 2 species as edible seeds and nuts. Barks of 2 species were used as substitute of beetle nuts. Among these wild edibles 56 plant species were recorded for traditional medicine against different ailment.

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