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Study of Floral Diversity with Special Reference to Hydrophytes in Bhubaneswar and its Adjoining Areas, Odisha, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1P.G. Department of Botany, Utkal University, Vani vihar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • 2 P.G. Department of Botany, Utkal University, Vani vihar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • 3 P.G. Department of Botany, Utkal University, Vani vihar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (9), Pages 1-7, September,10 (2016)

Abstract

Bhubaneswar is located on the eastern side of Odisha covers a geographical area of 124.74 sq km and lies between 2015N latitude and 8515E longitude. It is located in Khurda district of Odisha. Wetlands are potentially rich in aquatic resources, which play a significant role in maintaining biodiversity. They offer habitats suitable for supporting growth of a variety of aquatic life forms. The study revealed that many water bodies in Bhubaneswar contain wide range of hydrophytes which are economically and medicinally important. A total number of 102 species were recorded belonging to 64 genera of 34 families. Among all the plants 8 species are submerged hydrophytes, 9 species are free floating, 9 species are fixed floating, 21 species are amphibious hydrophytes and 55 species are marshy hydrophytes. Some of the water bodies were completely covered with hydrophytes like Eichhornia and Salvinia causing ecological negative impact on the aquatic ecosystem. The present work exhibited the database of hydrophytes in Bhubaneswar and its adjoining area which will help in future work for its conservation, preservation and addition of the local biodiversity.

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