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Ethno-Medicinal Inventory of Khanpur Valley and Some Archeological Sites Reflecting Ancient Gandhara Civilization, District Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Haripur, Haripur, KPK, Pakistan
  • 2Department of Botany, Hazara University Mansehra, KPK, Pakistan
  • 3COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (7), Pages 68-84, July,10 (2016)


An ethnomedicinal inventory was carried out during 2012-2013 in Khanpur Valley and some archeological sites reflecting ancient Gandhara civilization, District Haripur, Pakistan. Data pertaining to ethnomedicinal uses and folk recipes of local plants was collected through questionnaires and interviews during field visits. For the purpose local people including men, women, children, knowledgeable persons (Hakims/Pansaries/Traditional healers/ Herdsmen) were approached. As a result 61 important medicinal plants species belonging to 43 families including 20 trees, 18 shrubs, 21 herbs, 1 grass and 1 climber, along with folk medicinal recipes were documented. Detailed information pertaining to botanical name, local name, family, part used, active chemical constituent and ethno-medicinal recipes were also tabulated. The study indicated that medicinal plants of Khanpur Valley are under severe pressure due to deforestation, over grazing, over exploitation and subsequent fires. As a result valuable medicinal plants are getting depleted with alarming rate. Plant specimens collected were identified, preserved, mounted and voucher was deposited at the Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Haripur, KPK, Pakistan for future references.


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