6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Preliminary Report on the Butterfly Diversity of Muttom Panchayath, Idukki District, Kerala, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1PG and Research Department of Zoology, Sir Theagaraya College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • 2PG and Research Department of Zoology, Sir Theagaraya College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (6), Pages 23-30, June,10 (2016)

Abstract

Butterflies are the best introduction to the amazing world of insects. A study to find out the relative abundance of butterflies in Muttom Panchayath, Idukki District, Kerala was carried out through bi-weekly sampling method over a period of six months from July 2015 to December 2015. A total of 52 species belonging to five families including Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae, Lycaenidae and Hesperidae were recorded. Out of these, members of Nymphalidae were dominant with (24 species) followed by Papilionidae (12 species), Pieridae (08 species), Lycaenidae (03 species) and Hesperidae (05 species) were recorded. Most common species were Common Crow (Euploea core), Blue Tiger (Tirumala limniace), Dark Blue Tiger (Tirumala septentrionis), Common Grass Yellow (Eurema hecabe) and Common Five Ring (Ypthima baldus). Out of 52 species, four species namely Southern Birdwing (Troides minos), Malabar Rose (Atrophaneura pandiyana), Malabar Raven (Papilio dravidarum), Malabar Banded Peacock (Papillio budha) are endemic species from this area. This study was done to emphasize the importance of butterflies and the need for their conservation.

References

  1. Kristensen N.P. and Skalski A.W. (1999)., Phylogeny and palaeontology. In: Kristensen N.P. (ed), Evolution, systematics and biogeography., Handbook of Zoology Lepidoptera: moths and butterflies, 5, 7-25.
  2. Guptha M.B., Rao P.V.C., Reddy D.S., Maddala S.R.S.C.S. and Babu P.M. (2012)., A Preliminary Observation on Butterflies of Sehachalam Biosphere reserve, Eastern Ghats Andhra Pradesh, India., World Journal of Zoology 7 (1) 83-89.
  3. Smetacek P. (1992)., Record of Plebejus eversmanni (Stgr.) from India., J. Bombay Nat. hist. Soc, (89), 385-386.
  4. Gay (1992)., Common Butterflies of India., WWF India and Oxford University Press Mumbai India,
  5. Rosin Z.M., Myczko L., Piotr S., Lenda M., Moron D., Sparks TH and Tryjanowski P. (2012)., Butterfly responses to environmental factors in fragmented calcareous grassland., Journal of Insect Conservation, 16 321-329.
  6. Ramesh T., Hussain K.J., Selvanayagam M., Satpathy K.K. and Prasad M.V.R. (2010)., Patterns of diversity, abundance and habitat associations of butterfly communities in heterogeneous landscapes of the department of atomic energy (DAE) campus at Kalpakkam, South India., International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 2(4), 75-85.
  7. Pollard E. (1977)., A method for assessing changes in the abundance of butterflies., Biological Conservation, 12, 115–153.
  8. Pollard E. and Yates T.J. (1993)., Monitoring Butterflies for Ecology and Conservation., Chapman and Hall, London.
  9. Kunte K. (2000)., Butterflies of Peninsular India., Universities Press (Hyderabad) and Indian Academy of Science (Bangalore), 24.
  10. Haribal M. (2002)., Butterflies of Sikkim Himalaya and their Natural History., Sikkim Nature Conservation Foundation (SNCF), Sikkim, 217.
  11. Sing A.R. (2001)., Butterflies of India., Om Books International New Delhi, 183.
  12. Guptha M.B., Rao P.V.C., Reddy D.S., Maddala S.R.S.C.S and Babu P.M. (2012)., A Preliminary Observation on Butterflies of Sehachalam Biosphere reserve, Eastern Ghats Andhra Pradesh, India., World Journal of Zoology 7 (1) 83-89.
  13. Ravindra M., Viswantathan S. and Ram G.M. (1996)., Checklist of butterfly species of Osmania University Campus, Hyderabad., Zoo’s Print journal, 11(10), 5.
  14. Tiple A.D. and Khurad A.M. (2009)., Butterfly species diversity, habitats and seasonal distribution in and around Nagpur City, Central India., World Journal of Zoology, 4(3), 153-167.
  15. Subba R.C., Atluri J.B., Venkata Ramana S.P. and Meer B.G. (2006)., The butterfly fauna of Vishakapatanam in South India., Tiger, (30), 29-32.
  16. Hogsden K.L. and Hutchinson T.C. (2004)., Butterfly assemblages along a human disturbance gradient in Ontario, Canada., Canadian Journal of Zoology, 82(5), 739-748.
  17. Ghazoul J. (2002)., Impact of logging on the richness and diversity of forest butterflies in a tropical dry forest in Thailand., Biodiversity and Conservation, 11, 521-541.
  18. Tropek R., Kadleca T., Hejdac M., Kocarekf P., Skuhrovec J. and Malenovskyh I. (2012)., Technical reclamations are wasting the conservation potential of post-mining sites, A case study of black coal spoils dumps., Ecological Engineering, 43, 13-18.
  19. Schtickzelle N., Turlure C. And Baguette M. (2007)., Grazing management impacts on the viability of the threatened bog fritillary butterfly Proclossiana eunomia., Biological Conservation, 136,651-660.
  20. Van-Lien V. and Yuan D. (2003)., The differences of butterfly (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) communities in habitats with various degrees of disturbance and altitudes in tropical forests of Vietnam., Biodiversity and Conservation, 12(6), 1099-1111
  21. Aiswarya V.N., Pradarsika M. and Soma A. (2014)., Studies on the diversity and abundance of butterfly (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) fauna in and around Sarojini Naidu college campus, Kolkata, West Bengal, India., Journal of Entomology and Zoology , 2(4), 129-134.
  22. Rickets T.H., Daily G.C. and Fay J.P. (200l)., Countryside Biogeography of Moths in a Fragmented Landscape: Bio- diversity in Native and Agricultural Habitats., Conservation Biology, 15, 378.
  23. Fernandes B., Kini A., Varkey J., Subramanjan S. and Achary P. (2016)., Study of Diversity and Current Status of Butterflies (Rhopalocera) at Vasai Fort, Dist-Palghar, India., International Research Journal of biological science, 5(3), 11-19.