9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Characteristics and Quality Assessment of Ground Water with Reference to Town Deeg, District Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, Govt. M.S.J. (P.G.) College, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India
  • 2Department of Zoology, Govt. R.R. (P.G.) College, Alwar, Rajasthan, India

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (4), Pages 14-18, April,10 (2016)

Abstract

Fresh water resources are degrading through population increase, pollution, regional and global change in climate and industrialization. The assessment and management of groundwater resources has become a prerequisite to satisfy the need of water for domestic and agriculture purposes. The main objective of the present investigations is to assess and identify the quality of ground water (well and hand pump) of four areas in town Deeg (Bharatpur), Rajasthan during postmonsoon season (October,2008 to January, 2009) to find out pH, T.D.S., T.H., CaH., Total Alkalinity, F, Cl, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Phosphorus, Nitrate, Salinity and E coli. A comparison with ISI standards shows that TDS, TH, salinity, chloride, nitrate, and fluoride (all water) and CaH (hand pump) exceeded permissible limits. DO and phosphorus are within the limits. The E coli in well water has been recorded very high than the limits. Water borne diseases such as of heart, respiratory, gastric, skeletal deformities, diarrhea, jaundice, amoebiosis, arthritis etc. are prevalent in the area. The groundwater (well and hand pump) of Deeg (Bharatpur) is not fit for drinking purpose. Management strategies such as recharging ground water, registration and regulation of groundwater extraction, collection and disposal of waste water, adoption of traditional conservation methods, de-fluoridation (food rich in calcium and phosphorus, adoption of an activated alumina adsorption technique), nitrate removal (use of yellow mustard and food with vitamin-C) and awareness of public about the water quality importance and hygienic conditions may be employed.

References

  1. Sampat P. (2000)., Deep Trouble: The hidden threat of groundwater pollution., World Watch Paper, 154. World Watch Institute, 28.
  2. Brown J., Bach L., Aldous A. and Wyers A. (2007)., Overcoming data shortfalls to locate ground water dependent ecosystems and assess threats to ground water quantity and quality., In: L. Ribiero, A. Chambel, and M.T. Condesso de Melo (Eds.). Proceedings of the 35th IAH Congress International Association of hydrogeologists groundwater and ecosystems. Lisbon, September, 17-21, 461.
  3. Eamus D., Froend R., Loomes R., Hose G. and Murray B. (2006)., A functional methodology for determining the groundwater regime needed to maintain the health of groundwater dependent vegetation., Australian Journal of Botany. 54, 97-114.
  4. Gannett M.W., Lite Jr. K.E., J.L. La Marche, B.J. Fisher and D.J. Polette (2007)., Groundwater hydrology of the upper Klamath Basin, Oregon and California., U.S.G.S., Scientific Investigations report 2007-5050, 98.
  5. Tyagi P.D., Buddhi R. Chaudhary and R.L. Sawhney (2002)., Degradation of ground water quality in industrial areas of India A review., Ind. J. Environ. Protect, 20, 174-181.
  6. Roy S.K. (2007)., Physico-chemical and biogenic pollution studies of ground water and related environmental impact assessment of the district of Bankura, West Bengal., J. Environ. Sociobiol., 4, 31-36.
  7. Gupta B.K. and Verma S.S. (2007)., Physicochemical studies of drinking water quality of town Deeg (Bharatpur) Rajasthan during pre-monsoon season., Proc. of National Symposium of Limnology held at Udaipur (19-21 Feb. 2007) 224-226.
  8. Devi Prasad A.G., Venkataramana G.V. and Thomas M. (2009)., Fish diversity and its conservation in major wetlands of Mysore., J. Environ. Biol., 30(5), 713-718.
  9. Shivakar M.M., Patil C.L. and Varsha Waikole (2009)., Assessment of well water quality in and around Dombivili region (Thane, India)., Poll. Res., 28(2), 301-304.
  10. Gupta B.K. and Anjali Sharma (2009).3Assessment of water quality of vimal kund, town Kaman district Bharatpur, Rajasthan (India)., Poll. Res., 28(4)., undefined
  11. Gupta B.K. and Jatav B.P. (2009)., Physicochemical Characteristics of Water of Juggar Dam, Hindaun city in Karauli District Rajasthan., Proceedings of National Conference on Environmental Health Hazards, December 17 18, 2009, held at JDB Girls College, Kota (Rajasthan). 293294.
  12. Gupta B.K. and Sunder Singh (2010)., Physicochemical Assessment of Drinking Water of Town Deeg (Bharatpur), Rajasthan during Monsoon season., Life Sciences Bulletin, 07(01).
  13. Reza R. and Singh G. (2009)., Physico-chemical analysis of ground water in Angual-Talc her of Orissa, India., J. of American Sci., 5(5): 53-58.
  14. Gupta B.K. and Sunder Singh (2009)., Ground Water Quality of Town Deeg in District Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India: A physicochemical analysis., Proceedings of National Conference on Environmental Health Hazards, December 17 18, 2009, held at JDB Girls College, Kota (Rajasthan): 296 297.
  15. Singh S (2014)., Ground Water Quality of Town Deeg in District Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India: A physicochemical analysis., Proceedings of National Conference on Environmental Health Hazards, December 17 18, 2009, held at JDB Girls College, Kota (Rajasthan). : 296 297.
  16. APHA (2005)., Standard Methods for the examination of water and waste water., American Public Health Association, Washington D.C., USA.
  17. Trivedy R.K and P.K Goyal (1986). 3Chemical and biological methods for water pollution s studies., Environ. publication, Karad., undefined
  18. BIS. (1991)., Indian standard specification for drinking water, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, IS:10500., http//bis.org.in.
  19. Binu Kumari S., Kirubavathy A.K. and Thirumalnessan R. (2006)., Suitability and water quality criteria of an open drainage municipal sewage water at Coimbatore, used for irrigation., Indian J. Environ. Biol. 27 (4), 709-712.
  20. Gupta B.K. and Verma S.S. (2007)., Physicochemical studies of drinking water quality of town Deeg (Bharatpur) Rajasthan during pre-monsoon season., Proc. of National Symposium of Limnology held at Udaipur (19-21 Feb. 2007) 224-226.
  21. Singh S. (2014)., Hydrological implication of solid waste disposel on ground water and soil quality in town Deeg (Bharatpur) Rajasthan., Proceeding of National conference on Energy and Environment NCEE-2015 applications (NCME-2014) Sponsored by U.G.C. New Delhi and organised by Ashian institute of technology jaipur (raj.) on dated 14th-15th March, 2015, E.V., 04, 39-43.
  22. Saxena V.K. and Ahmed S. (2003)., Inferring the chemical parameters for the dissolution of fluoride in groundwater., Environ. Geol., 43, 731-736.
  23. Narsirnha A., Ramana Kumar M., Ravi Kumar A. and Srinivas B. (2009)., Major ion geochemistry and fluoride distribution of groundwater in Chityal area, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India., Poll. Res., 28(3), 485-488.
  24. Madhnure P., Sirsikar D.Y., Tiwari A.N., Ranjan B. and Malpe D.B. (2007)., Occurrence of fluoride in the ground waters of Peindharkawada area, Yavatmal (M.S.)., Curr. Sci., 92(5), 675679.
  25. WHO (World Health Organization) (2008)., Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality., Recommendation, World Health Organization, Genewa Vol. I. 130-135.
  26. Sarkar M. (2004)., Fluorosis., Science Reporter, June 2004, 28.
  27. Emmanuel K.A., Ramaraju K.A., Rambabu G., Veerabhadra A. Rao (2008)., Removal of fluoride from drinking water with activated carbons prepared from HNO3 activation- Acomparative study., Rasayan J. Chem., 1(4), 802-818.
  28. Roy R. (2009)., Evaluation of fluoride affected area in raisen district M.P. and preventionary step to get safe potable water., Proc. of National seminar on science, education and attraction of talent for excellence in research, 21-22.
  29. Bush D and Meyer M. (1982)., A case of infertile methamoglobinemia in South Dakota., J. Environ. Health, 310-311.
  30. Uba B.N. and Aghogho (2001)., Rain water quality from different roof catchments in Port- Harcourt district., Institute Public Analyst of Nigeria News, 2, 11-14.
  31. Kannan V., Ramesh R. and Sasi Kumar C. (2005)., Study on ground water characteristics and the effects of discharged effluents from textile units at Karur District., J. Environ. Biol., 26(2), 269-272.
  32. Prakash K.L and Somashekar R.K. (2006)., Groundwater quality- Assessment on Anekal Taluk, Bangalore Urban district., Indian J. Environ. Biol., (27) 4, 633-637.
  33. Kumar S., R.K. Gupta and A.C. Goyal (2008)., Nitrate pollution in dug wells of Putki-balahari Colliery area of Dhanbad District (Jharkhand)., Asian J. Exp. Science, 22(1), 161-164.
  34. Batheja K., Sinha A.K. and Seth G. (2009)., Studies on water treatment for removal of nitrate., Asian J. Exp. Science, 23(1), 61-66.
  35. Gupta H.P. and Kumar A. (2002)., Physiological studies on some sewage fed wetlands of Jharkhand., In; Ecology of polluted waters (Ed: Aravindkumar). Vol II, A.P.H. Publ.Corp., New Delhi, 925-936.
  36. Garg D., Kaur R., chand D., Mehala S.K. and Singh R.V. (2008)., Analysis of water quality of Bharatpur area in post monsoon season., January 2007. Rasayan J. Chem., 1(4), 743-750.
  37. Alagumuthu G. and Rajan M. (2008)., Monitoring of fluoride concentration in ground water of kadayam block of Tirunelveli district, India: Correlation with physicochemical parameters., Rasayan J. Chem, 1(4), 757-765.