Morphometry and Length - Weight Relationship of Uranoscopus marmoratus Cuvier, 1829 (Family: Uranoscopidae) from Palk Bay, India
- 1Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Mandapam Regional Centre, Mandapam Camp, Tamil Nadu, India
- 2Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Mandapam Regional Centre, Mandapam Camp, Tamil Nadu, India
- 3Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Mandapam Regional Centre, Mandapam Camp, Tamil Nadu, India
- 4Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin, India
- 5Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin, India
- 6Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin, India
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (11), Pages 1-10, November,10 (2016)
The study detailed the morphometry, meristic counts and length-weight relationship of Uranoscopus marmoratus along the coast of Pampan in Tamilnadu. Fish samples were examined having total length ranged from 172 to 301 mm with a coefficient of variation of 13.26%. The morphometric characters in the percentage of total length and head length showed a high value of correlation coefficient (r>0.84) and coefficient of determination (r2 >0.79) indicates that most of the characters exhibited a direct proportional growth to each other and a higher degree of homogeneity within the population. Between the ten morphometric characters in the percentage of head length, there were five genetically controlled, three intermediate and two environmentally controlled characters. In percentage of head length, one character was observed to be genetically controlled and the other three were environmentally controlled The fin formula of the fish can be written as D.I (4-5), II(11-12), P.13-16, V.5-7, A. 12-14, C. 12-15. The length-weight relationship of the fish is represented as Log W = -4.2655 + 2.8147 Log L for male, Log W = - 4.3705 + 2.8556 Log L for female and Log W = - 4.3236+2.837Log L for pooled one. The correlation coefficient (r) was estimated as 0.93, 0.96 and 0.94 (P< 0.001) for male, female and pooled one while the regression coefficient for all the three cases were less than 3.0 indicating the negative allometry of the fish. It was evident that, both male and females showed a disparity in growth pattern which was clearly depicted from the regression of male and female (P<0.05). The present study generated data on the morphometrics, meristics, and length – weight relationship of U. marmoratus captured from the South Eastern coast of India (Palkbay) and forms the first reference for the species worldwide.
- Bray D.J. (2012)., Review of Saunders, Discovery of Australia, AMSA Bulletin 187.
- Grady D. (2006)., Venom Runs Thick in Fish Families., Researchers Learn, New York Times.
- Bagenal T.B. (1978)., Methods for Assessment of Fish Production in Freshwaters., 3rd, Edn., Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford, UK., 365, ISBN 13: 9780632001255.
- Bookstein F.L. (1991)., Morphometric Tools for Landmark Data: Geometry and Biology., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, London, 465, ISBN 0-521-58598-8.
- Nayman (1965)., Growth and Ecology of Fish Population., J Anim Ecol., 20, 201-219.
- King M. (1995)., Fisheries Biology: Assessment and Management., Fishing News Books Publ., Oxford, UK, 341, ISBN-13: 978-0852382233.
- Narejo N.T. (2010)., Morphometric characters and their relationship in Gadusiachopra (Hamilton) from Keenjhar lake (Distt: Thatta), Sindh., Pak. J. Zool., 42(1), 101-104.
- Tesch F.W. et. al. (1968)., Age and Growth. In: Methods for Assessment of Fish Production in Freshwaters., Ricker W.E., Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 93-123.
- Anene A. (2005)., Condition factor of four cichlid species of a man-made lake in Imo State, South-eastern Nigeria., Tur. J. Fish & Aqua Sci., 5, 43-47
- Froese R. (2006)., Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations., J. Appl. Ichthyol., 22, 241-253.
- Jaiswar A.K. and Acharya P. (1991)., Length-weight relationship of Megalaspis cordyla (Linnaeus) along north-west coast of India., J. Indian Fish. Ass., 21, 45-46.
- Hubbs C.L. and Lagler K.F. (1958)., Fishes of the Great Lakes Region., 2nd Edn., University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor MI., USA, 213, ISBN- 978-0-472-11371-2
- Simon K.D., Mazlan A.G., Samat A., Zaidi C.C. and Aziz A. (2010)., Size, growth and age of two congeneric archer fishes (Toxotes jaculatrix Pallas, 1767 and Toxotes chatareus Hamilton, 1822) inhabiting Malaysian coastal waters., Sains Malaysiana, 39., 697-704.
- Johal M.S., Tandon K.K. and Sandhu G.S. (1994)., Mahseer in Lacustrine Waters, Gobindsagar Reservoir. Morphometry of Tor putitora., P. Nautiyal (Eds.), Mahseer the Game Fish., Jagdamba, Prakashan Publisher, Srinagar, Garhwal, 67-85.
- Le Cren E.D. (1951)., The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the Perch (Percafluviatilis)., J. Anim. Ecol, 20., 201-219.
- Abdallah M. (2002)., Length-weight relationship of fishes caught by Trawl off Alexandria, Egypt., Naga ICLARM Quart., 25, 19-20.
- Sivashanthini K., Charles G.A. and Thulasitha W.S. (2009)., Length-weight relationship and growth pattern of Sepioteuthislessoniana lesson 1830 (Cephalopoda: Teuthida) from the Jaffna Lagoon, Sri Lanka., J. Biol. Sci., 9, 357-361.
- Bok T.D., Gokturk D., Kahraman A.E., Alicli T.Z., Acun T. and Ates C. (2011)., Length-weight relationships of 34 fish species from the Sea of Marmara, Turkey., J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 10, 3037-3042.
- Sasi H. and Berber S. (2012)., Age, growth and some biological characteristics of white bream (Bliccabjoerkna L., 1758) in Uluabatlake, in Northwestern of Anatolia., Asian J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 7, 262-267.
- Imam A.A.M. and Ashraf S.M. (2011)., Morphometrics and meristics of three Epinepheline species: Cephalopholis argus (Bloch and Schneider,1801), Cephalopholis miniata (Forskal, 1775) and Variolalouti ( Forskal, 1775) from the red sea, Egypt., J. Biol. Sci., 11(1), 10-21.
- Gould S.J. (1966)., Allometry and size in ontogeny and phylogeny., Biol. Rev, 41(4), 587-638, DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.1966.tb01624.x
- Haug T. and Fevolden S.E. (1986)., Morphology and biochemical genetis of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippglossus (L), from varous spawning grounds., J. Fish Biol., 28, 367-378.
- Meyer X. (1990)., Morphometrics and allometry in the trophically polymorphic cichlid fish, Cichlasoma citrinellum. Alternative adaptations and ontogenic changes in shape., J. Zoo., 221, 237-260.
- Mekkawy I.A.A. (1997)., Meristic and morphometrics patterns of three Egyptian Bagrus species., J. Egypt. Ger. Soc. zool., 22, 93-121.
- Allendorf F.W. and Phelps S.R. (1988)., Loss of genetic variation in hatchery stock of cutthroat trout., Trans. Am Fish Soc., 109, 537-543.
- Swain D.P., Ridell. B.E. and Murray C.B. (1991)., Morphological differences between hatchery and wild populations of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): environmental versus genetic origin., Can J Fish Aquat Sci., 48, 1783-1791.
- Wimberger P.H. (1992)., Plasticity of fish body shape the effects of diet, development, family and age in two species of Geophagus (Pisces, Cichlidae)., Biol J Limnol Soc., 45,197-218.
- Stearns S.C. (1983)., A natural experiment in life-history evolution: field data on the introduction of mosquito fish (Gambusiaaffinis) to Hawaii., Evolution., 37,601-617.
- Allendorf F.W., Ryman N. and Utter F. (1987)., Genetics and fishery management: past, present and future in population genetics and fisheries management., Seattle, WA & London: University of Washington press, 1987, 1-20.
- Sajina A.M., Chakraborty S.K., Jaiswar A.K. and Deepa S. (2013)., Morphometric and meristic analyses of horse mackerel, Megalaspis cordyla (Linnaeus, 1758) populations along the Indian coast., Indian J. Fish., 60(4), 27-34.
- Jaiswar A.K., Parida P.K., Chakraborty S.K. and Palaniswamy R. (2004)., Morphometry and length-weight relationship of obtuse barracuda Sphyraena obtusata (Cuvier) (Teleostomi/Actinopterygii/Sphyraenidae) from Bombay waters, west coast of India., Indian J. Mar. Sci., 33(3), 307-309.
- Wotton R. (2012)., Ecology of teleost fishes., Chapman & Hall, London.
- Bagenal T.B. and Tesch F.W. (1978)., Chapter 5, Age and growth, Methods for Assessment of Fish Production in Fresh Waters., IBP Handbook No. 3, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 3rd edn, 101-136.
- Martin-Smith K.H. (1996)., Length/weight relationships of fishes in a diverse tropical freshwater community, Sabah, Malaysia., J. Fish Biol., 49, 731-734.
- Petrakis G. and Stergiou K.I. (1995)., Weight-length relationships for 33 fish species in Greek waters., Fish. Res., 21, 465-469.
- Pauly D. (1993)., Fishbyte Section Editorial., Naga, ICLARM Quart., 16, 26.
- Safran P. (1992)., Theoretical analysis of the weight-length relationships in the juveniles., Mar. Biol., 112, 545-551.